wiki:OperationalMonitoring/DataSchema

Version 7 (modified by chaos@bbn.com, 6 years ago) (diff)

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Data needed to meet operational monitoring use cases

This is a working page for the operational monitoring project. It is a draft representing work in progress.

This page will eventually document the schema or schemas using which the datastore polling API? will request data from datastores. Right now, it simply lists the pieces of data which are needed in order to meet the short list of use cases on which are focusing for GEC19 and GEC20. As such, this page is closely tied to the use case component details pages at http://www.gpolab.bbn.com/monitoring/components/.

Data needed to meet use case 3

Use case description: Track node compute utilization, interface, and health statistics for shared rack nodes, and allow operators to get notifications when they are out of bounds.

In general, for this use case, we want:

  • CPU utilization: it's pretty standard for this to be a percentage, so we'll do that too.
  • Memory utilization: there's not as much of a standard for this. Purely as an alert metric, "swap free" is a good indication of when the node is too busy. That doesn't tell you much about whether the node's memory is active over time. I believe ganglia reports the difference of two stats from /proc/meminfo, "Active" - "Cached", and calls that "Memory Used". Is that a good/well-understood metric?
  • Disk utilization: i am partial to ganglia's "part max used" check, which looks at the local utilization of all local partitions on a node, and reports the fullest (highest) utilization percent it sees. It doesn't tell you what your problem is, but it tells you if you have a problem, and it's a single metric regardless of the number of partitions on a node.
  • Network utilization: in order to measure utilization, i think we want metrics for control traffic and dataplane traffic, each of which is the sum of counters for all control or dataplane interfaces of the node (if there is more than one of either). Linux /proc/net/dev reports rx_bytes, rx_packets, rx_errs, rx_drops, and the same four items for tx. So that would be 16 pieces of data per node. Does that seem right, or does that seem like too much? Another thing i don't know is, where in the system do we want to translate a number into a rate --- is it actually correct to just report these numbers as integers upstream, and have the aggregator be responsible for generating a rate, or is it better for a rate to be created locally?
  • Node availability: this is not intended as a detailed check of whether the node is usable for some particular experimental purpose --- that would be out of scope for this use case. It's more like a simple "is this thing on?" check. It would be fine for this to be reported as "OK" if any other data is received from the node at a given time, and "not okay" otherwise, or it would be fine for the aggregate to try to ping the node control plane and report that. This doesn't have to be consistent, and shouldn't be complicated.
  • Node health metrics: people suggested we might want to alert on RAID failures and on NTP sync issues. I'd like to keep track of those requests, but they're not part of the initial thin thread, so they won't be included here.
  • We probably also need some form of metadata about each node: not collected all the time, but available for periodic query. For instance, we probably need to know what type of VM server it is (for general information), and what the maximum values are for any metrics we're reporting as rates or counters (e.g. network utilization) rather than as percentages, because we can't tell if we're hitting the maximum if we don't know what the maximum is.

Restating that in tabular form:

Metric type Metric Units Comments
CPU CPU utilization percent
Memory swap free percent percent of total swap which is free
Memory memory used bytes total memory in active use on the node
Disk part max used percent highest percent utilization of any local partition
Network ctrl RX bytes integer sum of bytes received on all control interfaces since last reset
Network ctrl TX bytes integer sum of bytes transmitted on all control interfaces since last reset
Network ctrl RX packets integer sum of packets received on all control interfaces since last reset
Network ctrl TX packets integer sum of packets transmitted on all control interfaces since last reset
Network ctrl RX errs integer sum of receive errors on all control interfaces since last reset
Network ctrl TX errs integer sum of transmit errors on all control interfaces since last reset
Network ctrl RX drops integer sum of receive drops (how does it know?) on all control interfaces since last reset
Network ctrl TX drops integer sum of transmit drops on all control interfaces since last reset
Network data RX bytes integer sum of bytes received on all dataplane interfaces since last reset
Network data TX bytes integer sum of bytes transmitted on all dataplane interfaces since last reset
Network data RX packets integer sum of packets received on all dataplane interfaces since last reset
Network data TX packets integer sum of packets transmitted on all dataplane interfaces since last reset
Network data RX errs integer sum of receive errors on all dataplane interfaces since last reset
Network data TX errs integer sum of transmit errors on all dataplane interfaces since last reset
Network data RX drops integer sum of receive drops (how does it know?) on all dataplane interfaces since last reset
Network data TX drops integer sum of transmit drops on all dataplane interfaces since last reset
Availability online boolean is the node considered to be online as the result of a simple check at the given time?

Data needed to meet use case 6

Use case description: Find out what slivers will be affected by a maintenance or outage of some resource, and get contact information for the owners of those slivers so targeted notifications can be sent

In general, for this use case, we want:

  • Sliver data:
    • What slivers exist on a GENI aggregate right now: i think we always want "right now" even if the outage isn't going to be right now --- if reservations are implemented and thus there's an idea of known slivers that will exist in the future but don't exist yet, we'll want that. But, while a reporting tool might choose to omit slivers which are expiring before the time of interest, it might choose not to on the grounds that slivers often get renewed --- it should be up to the tool, so always report the maximum number of slivers the AM knows about now or in the future.
    • Information about each sliver:
      • Sliver URN and UUID
      • Slice URN and UUID
      • Creation and expiration times
      • Creator (maybe this is optional because some AMs will always tell us to ask the SA? not sure)
      • Resources this sliver has reserved:
        • URN of each named resource of types: bare-metal host, shared host, VLAN, flowspace (what else?)
  • Slice user data: for each relevant slice URN and UUID, find out from the authority:
    • Users affiliated with the slice (creator, participants)
    • E-mail contact info for each of those users