wiki:GENILTE/LTEDeployment

Version 18 (modified by lnevers@bbn.com, 2 years ago) (diff)

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OpenAirInterface ePC GENI Site Deployment

GENI OpenAirInterface Evolved Packet Core (ePC) software deployment is captured in this page. See the GENI LTE EPc Sites page for details about sites where this setup is deployed.

These are reference OAI pages, that provide details about the Kernel and Software deployed at the GENI LTE sites:

The GENI ePC installation will use these major component in the OAI ePC:

  • Mobility Management Entity (MME)
  • Home Subscriber Server (HSS)
  • Serving and PDN Gateway (SPGW=S+P-GW)

Prerequisites

The OpenAirInterface(OAI) software must run on a dedicated bare metal node for ExoGENI or Raw-pc for InstaGENI sites.

The OAI ePC requires a Radio Access Network (RAN) Low-latency kernel installation, which is available for Ubuntu 14.04 for the master branch. The master branch version/Ubuntu 14.04 is used for the GENI installations.

Get GENI Resource

Reserve a dedicate raw pc for use as the ePC hosts. Use the following RSpecs:

  • [Attach InstaGENI Gen7/8/9 Ubuntu14 raw pc request Rspec]
  • [Attach ExoGENI bare metal node request RSpec]

Request the appropriate device for you site (IG, EG).

Expand Disk Space for IG Raw PC

InstaGENI Raw PCs have 1 TB drives, but by default the disk space allocation is for 16 GBytes, you must test steps to allocate more disk space, as the RAN kernel installation requires ~ 13GB of disk space.

First check to see how available disk resources:

lnevers@ltebase:~$  sudo fdisk -l /dev/sda* 

Disk /dev/sda: 1000.2 GB, 1000171331584 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 121597 cylinders, total 1953459632 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x90909090

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *        2048    33556479    16777216   83  Linux
/dev/sda2        33556480    39847935     3145728    0  Empty
/dev/sda3        39847936    46139391     3145728   82  Linux swap / Solaris
/dev/sda4        46139392  1953455039   953657824    0  Empty

Disk /dev/sda1: 17.2 GB, 17179869184 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2088 cylinders, total 33554432 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

     Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System

Disk /dev/sda2: 3221 MB, 3221225472 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 391 cylinders, total 6291456 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

Disk /dev/sda2 doesn't contain a valid partition table

Disk /dev/sda3: 3221 MB, 3221225472 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 391 cylinders, total 6291456 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

Disk /dev/sda3 doesn't contain a valid partition table

Disk /dev/sda4: 976.5 GB, 976545611776 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 118724 cylinders, total 1907315648 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x00000000

Disk /dev/sda4 doesn't contain a valid partition table
lnevers@ltebase:~$

The above shows that /dev/dsa4 is space available, we will create a partition on /dev/sda4, note that your disk may differ.

lnevers@ltebase:~$ sudo mkfs -t ext3 /dev/sda4
mke2fs 1.42.9 (4-Feb-2014)
Filesystem label=
OS type: Linux
Block size=4096 (log=2)
Fragment size=4096 (log=2)
Stride=0 blocks, Stripe width=0 blocks
59604992 inodes, 238414456 blocks
11920722 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user
First data block=0
Maximum filesystem blocks=4294967296
7276 block groups
32768 blocks per group, 32768 fragments per group
8192 inodes per group
Superblock backups stored on blocks: 
	32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912, 819200, 884736, 1605632, 2654208, 
	4096000, 7962624, 11239424, 20480000, 23887872, 71663616, 78675968, 
	102400000, 214990848

Allocating group tables: done                            
Writing inode tables: done                            
Creating journal (32768 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done     

lnevers@ltebase:~$

Now we can mount the disk partition to use for the installation:

lnevers@ltebase:~$ sudo mkdir /space
lnevers@ltebase:~$ sudo mount /dev/sda4 /space
lnevers@ltebase:~$ df -kh
Filesystem                                        Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/sda1                                          16G  1.8G   14G  12% /
none                                              4.0K     0  4.0K   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
udev                                               24G  4.0K   24G   1% /dev
tmpfs                                             4.8G  860K  4.8G   1% /run
none                                              5.0M     0  5.0M   0% /run/lock
none                                               24G     0   24G   0% /run/shm
none                                              100M     0  100M   0% /run/user
ops.instageni.gpolab.bbn.com:/q/proj/ch-geni-net  119G  102G  8.0G  93% /proj/ch-geni-net
/dev/sda4                                         896G   72M  850G   1% /space
lnevers@ltebase:~$ 

Note the kernel installation steps below will download files in the "/space" directory.

BIOS Requirements

The Radio Access Network Kernel has requirements to disable all power management features in the BIOS (sleep states, in particular C-states) and CPU frequency scaling (Intel SpeedStep). You also need to disable hyper-threading, CPU frequency control, C-States, P-States and any other power management feature from BIOS.

InstaGENI Raw PC Required BIOS Settings

Following is a list of setting modified on IG Raw PCs:

  • TO ADD ITEMS from Pics -

InstaGENI Site Installation

Installing the RAN Kernel on InstaGENI Gen8 Hosts

If you installation is on an InstaGENI with HP Gen8 hosts, login to the raw-pc that you reserved and and execute these commands for the package version of the Kernel Master branch:

git clone https://gitlab.eurecom.fr/oai/linux-4.7.x.git
cd linux-4.7.x
sudo dpkg -i linux-headers-4.7.7-oaiepc_4.7.7-oaiepc-10.00.Custom_amd64.deb linux-image-4.7.7-oaiepc_4.7.7-oaiepc-10.00.Custom_amd64.deb

The above command is an excerpt from the Radio Access Network Kernel wiki page.

Installing the RAN Kernel on InstaGENI Gen7 Hosts

If you installation is on an InstaGENI with HP Gen7 hosts, login to the raw-pc that you reserved and and execute the steps details at the Radio Access Network Kernel wiki page. You must follow the instruction for Ubuntu 14 and the Ran Master branch. As a reference the GPO IG Gen7 raw pc installation history was captured in the attached file named install-log-gpo-pc1-gen7.txt.

OpenAir Interface

==Installing OAI Software ==

Assuming you have completed the RAN Kernel installation and the BIOS have been modified as specified in earlier section. We can now proceed to install the OpenAirInterface software. Software must be installed as specified in the OAI Repository. Follow the instructions on the OAI Repository page.

Setting up the OAI ePC environment

The wiki OAI Repository has a wiki page that captures How to Connect OAI ePC with COTS User Equipment. Instruction on the page are followed as stated, with some minor deviations needed for the GENI hosts. Our installation will use:

  1. Hostnames nano and hss}} will be defined and their dommain-name is {{{orbit-lab.org. To define:
    # Append the following lines to /etc/hosts:
     127.0.1.1 nano.orbit-lab.org nano
     127.0.1.1 hss.orbit-lab.org hss
    
    # Remove /etc/hostname file
     sudo rm /etc/hostname
    
    # Change the hostname 
     sudo hostnamectl set-hostname nano
    
    # logout and login again to verify hostname.  After login and verify resolution:
    
    lnevers@nano:~$ sudo getent hosts nano
    127.0.1.1       nano.orbit-lab.org nano
    

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