wiki:GENIBibliography

Version 5 (modified by Mark Berman, 6 years ago) (diff)

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GENI Bibliography Page

This page contains GENI-relevant papers. It is intended to include papers addressing:

  • Design, architecture, development, or deployment of GENI
  • Design, architecture, development, or deployment of aggregates or capabilities and their relationships with GENI
  • Federation of GENI and other testbeds
  • Research, experiments, services, and applications using GENI

We welcome your contributions to this bibliography. Please send references to Mark Berman and Niky Riga. Preferred formats are:

Feel free to download the attached BibTeX source file.

GENI Bibliography

Aikat, Jay and Hasan, Shaddi and Jeffay, Kevin and Smith, F. Donelson
Author Aikat, Jay and Hasan, Shaddi and Jeffay, Kevin and Smith, F. Donelson
Title Discrete-Approximation of Measured Round Trip Time Distributions: A Model for Network Emulation
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract Empirical evaluations to study network performance, whether in a laboratory setting or on GENI testbeds, rely heavily on measurement-based modeling of round trip times (RTTs) to emulate realistic end-to-end delays of local and metropolitan area networks. For generating realistic traffic, we studied several models to emulate RTTs. In this paper, we performed experiments on real testbeds using synthetic TCP traffic generated from measurement data from a large university campus. As a result of our study, we present the Discrete- Approximation model for RTT (DA-RTT) emulation. Using three different metrics for performance evaluation, which include queue length at routers, connection response times, and connection durations, we demonstrate that the simple DA-RTT model closely represents the per-connection RTTs in the original traffic. While these experiments were performed in our laboratory, and not using GENI infrastructure, we present this as a possible model for adoption on GENI testbeds to emulate Round Trip Time Distributions for GENI experiments.


Albrecht, J. and Huang, D. Y.
Author Albrecht, J. and Huang, D. Y.
Title Managing distributed applications using Gush
Journal Proceedings of the ICST Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructures for the Development of Networks and Communities, Testbed Practices Session (TridentCom)
Year 2010
Abstract Deploying and controlling experiments running on a distributed set of resources is a challenging task. Software developers often spend a significant amount of time dealing with the complexities associated with resource configuration and management in these environments. Experiment control systems are designed to automate the process, and to ultimately help developers cope with the common problems that arise during the design, implementation, and evaluation of distributed systems. However, many of the existing control systems were designed with specific computing environments in mind, and thus do not provide support for heterogeneous resources in different testbeds. In this paper, we explore the functionality of Gush, an experiment control system, and discuss how it supports execution on three of the four GENI control frameworks.
DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-17851-1_31
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-17851-1_31


Albrecht, Jeannie R.
Author Albrecht, Jeannie R.
Title Bringing big systems to small schools: distributed systems for undergraduates
Journal SIGCSE Bull.
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2009
Abstract Distributed applications have become a core component of the Internet's infrastructure. However, many undergraduate curriculums, especially at small colleges, do not offer courses that focus on the design and implementation of distributed systems. The courses that are offered address the theoretical aspects of system design, but often fail to provide students with the opportunity to develop and evaluate distributed applications in real-world environments. As a result, undergraduate students are not as prepared as they should be for graduate study or careers in industry. This paper describes an undergraduate course in Distributed Systems that not only studies the key design principles of distributed systems, but also has a unique emphasis on giving students hands-on access to distributed systems through the use of shared computing testbeds, such as PlanetLab and GENI, and open-source technologies, such as Xen and Hadoop. Using these platforms, students can perform large-scale, distributed experimentation even at small colleges.
DOI 10.1145/1539024.1508903
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1539024.1508903


Albrecht, Jeannie and Tuttle, Christopher and Braud, Ryan and Dao, Darren and Topilski, Nikolay and Snoeren, Alex C. and Vahdat, Amin
Author Albrecht, Jeannie and Tuttle, Christopher and Braud, Ryan and Dao, Darren and Topilski, Nikolay and Snoeren, Alex C. and Vahdat, Amin
Title Distributed application configuration, management, and visualization with plush
Journal ACM Trans. Internet Technol.
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2011
Abstract Support for distributed application management in large-scale networked environments remains in its early stages. Although a number of solutions exist for subtasks of application deployment, monitoring, and maintenance in distributed environments, few tools provide a unified framework for application management. Many of the existing tools address the management needs of a single type of application or service that runs in a specific environment, and these tools are not adaptable enough to be used for other applications or platforms. To this end, we present the design and implementation of Plush, a fully configurable application management infrastructure designed to meet the general requirements of several different classes of distributed applications. Plush allows developers to specifically define the flow of control needed by their computations using application building blocks. Through an extensible resource management interface, Plush supports execution in a variety of environments, including both live deployment platforms and emulated clusters. Plush also uses relaxed synchronization primitives for improving fault tolerance and liveness in failure-prone environments. To gain an understanding of how Plush manages different classes of distributed applications, we take a closer look at specific applications and evaluate how Plush provides support for each.
DOI 10.1145/2049656.2049658
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2049656.2049658


Angu, Pragatheeswaran and Ramamurthy, Byrav
Author Angu, Pragatheeswaran and Ramamurthy, Byrav
Title Experiences with dynamic circuit creation in a regional network testbed
Booktitle 2011 IEEE Conference on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS)
Location Shanghai, China
Publisher IEEE
Year 2011
Abstract In this paper we share our experiences of enabling dynamic circuit creation in the GpENI network. GpENI is a network research testbed in the mid-west USA involving several educational institutions. University of Nebraska-Lincoln is involved in provisioning dynamic circuits across the GpENI network among its participating universities. We discuss several options investigated for deploying dynamic circuits over the GpENI network as well as our demonstration experiments at the GENI engineering conferences. UNL has also collaborated with ProtoGENI project of University of Utah and Mid-Atlantic Crossroads (MAX) facility of Washington DC to create inter-domain dynamic circuits.
DOI 10.1109/infcomw.2011.5928801
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/infcomw.2011.5928801


Baldine, Ilia and Xin, Yufeng and Mandal, Anirban and Renci, Chris H. and Chase, Unc-Ch J. and Marupadi, Varun and Yumerefendi, Aydan and Irwin, David
Author Baldine, Ilia and Xin, Yufeng and Mandal, Anirban and Renci, Chris H. and Chase, Unc-Ch J. and Marupadi, Varun and Yumerefendi, Aydan and Irwin, David
Title Networked cloud orchestration: A GENI perspective
Booktitle 2010 IEEE Globecom Workshops
Location Miami, FL, USA
Publisher IEEE
Year 2010
Abstract This paper describes the experience of developing a system for creation of distributed linked configurations of heterogeneous resources (slices) in GENI. Our work leverages a number of unique architectural solutions (distributed architecture, declarative resource specifications, unique approach to slice instantiation) which is applicable to a wider set of problems related to autonomic co-scheduling and provisioning of heterogeneous networked resources. We discuss the architecture, the resource description mechanisms and some of the algorithms used to enable our system. We conclude with an analysis of a real experiment at allocating resources from multiple providers across a very wide geographic area (spanning Massachusetts, Illinois and North Carolina) to create a single private Layer 2 network connecting virtual machines on the campus of Duke University to a sensor testbed at University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
DOI 10.1109/GLOCOMW.2010.5700385
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/GLOCOMW.2010.5700385


Baldine, Ilia and Xin, Yufeng and Mandal, Anirban and Ruth, Paul and Yumerefendi, Aydan and Chase, Jeff
Author Baldine, Ilia and Xin, Yufeng and Mandal, Anirban and Ruth, Paul and Yumerefendi, Aydan and Chase, Jeff
Title ExoGENI: A Multi-Domain Infrastructure-as-a-Service Testbed
Booktitle 8th International ICST Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructures for the Development of Networks and Communities (TRIDENTCOM 2012)
Year 2012
Abstract NSF's GENI program seeks to enable experiments that run within virtual network topologies built-to-order from testbed infrastructure offered by multiple providers (domains). GENI is often viewed as a network testbed integration effort, but behind it is an ambitious vision for multi-domain infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS). This paper presents ExoGENI, a new GENI testbed that links GENI to two advances in virtual infrastructure services outside of GENI: open cloud computing (OpenStack) and dynamic circuit fabrics. ExoGENI orchestrates a federation of independent cloud sites and circuit providers through their native IaaS interfaces, and links them to other GENI tools and resources. The ExoGENI deployment consists of cloud site ``racks'' on host campuses within the US, linked with national research networks and other circuit networks through programmable exchange points. The ExoGENI sites and control software are enabled for software-defined networking using OpenFlow. ExoGENI offers a powerful unified hosting platform for deeply networked, multi-domain, multi-site cloud applications. We intend that ExoGENI will seed a larger, evolving platform linking other third-party cloud sites, transport networks, and other infrastructure services, and that it will enable real-world deployment of innovative distributed services and new visions of a Future Internet.


Bavier, Andy and Coady, Yvonne and Mack, Tony and Matthews, Chris and Mambretti, Joe and McGeer, Rick and Mueller, Paul and Snoeren, Alex and Yuen, Marco
Author Bavier, Andy and Coady, Yvonne and Mack, Tony and Matthews, Chris and Mambretti, Joe and McGeer, Rick and Mueller, Paul and Snoeren, Alex and Yuen, Marco
Title GENICloud and transcloud
Booktitle Proceedings of the 2012 workshop on Cloud services, federation, and the 8th open cirrus summit
Location San Jose, California, USA
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2012
Abstract In this paper, we argue that federation of cloud systems requires a standard API for users to create, manage, and destroy virtual objects, and a standard naming scheme for virtual objects. We introduce an existing API for this purpose, the Slice-Based Federation Architecture, and demonstrate that it can be implemented on a number of existing cloud management systems. We introduce a simple naming scheme for virtual objects, and discuss its implementation.
DOI 10.1145/2378975.2378980
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2378975.2378980


Bhanage, G. and Daya, R. and Seskar, I. and Raychaudhuri, D.
Author Bhanage, G. and Daya, R. and Seskar, I. and Raychaudhuri, D.
Title VNTS: A Virtual Network Traffic Shaper for Air Time Fairness in 802.16e Systems
Booktitle Communications (ICC), 2010 IEEE International Conference on
Publisher IEEE
Year 2010
Abstract The 802.16e standard for broadband wireless access mandates the presence of QoS classes, but does not specify guidelines for the scheduler implementation or mechanisms to ensure air time fairness. Our study demonstrates the feasibility of controlling downlink airtime fairness for slices while running above a proprietary WiMAX basestation (BS) scheduler. We design and implement a virtualized infrastructure that allows users to obtain at least an allocated percentage of BS resources in the presence of saturation and link degradation. Using Kernel virtual machines for creating slices and Click modular router for implementing the virtual network traffic shaping engine we show that it is possible to adaptively control slice usage for downlink traffic on a WiMAX Basestation. The fairness index and coupling coefficient show an improvement of up to 42%, and 73% with preliminary indoor walking mobility experiments. Outdoor vehicular measurements show an improvement of up to 27%, and 70\\\\ with the fairness index and coupling coefficient respectively
DOI 10.1109/ICC.2010.5502484
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICC.2010.5502484


Bhanage, G. and Seskar, I. and Zhang, Y. and Raychaudhuri, D. and Jain, S.
Author Bhanage, G. and Seskar, I. and Zhang, Y. and Raychaudhuri, D. and Jain, S.
Title Experimental evaluation of openvz from a testbed deployment perspective
Journal Proceedings of the ICST Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructures for the Development of Networks and Communities (TridentCom)
Year 2010
DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-17851-1_7
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-17851-1_7


Bhanage, G. and Vete, D. and Seskar, I. and Raychaudhuri, D.
Author Bhanage, G. and Vete, D. and Seskar, I. and Raychaudhuri, D.
Title SplitAP: Leveraging Wireless Network Virtualization for Flexible Sharing of WLANs
Booktitle Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM 2010), 2010 IEEE
Publisher IEEE
Year 2010
Abstract Providing air-time guarantees across a group of clients forms a fundamental building block in sharing an access point (AP) across different virtual network providers. Though this problem has a relatively simple solution for downlink group scheduling through traffic engineering at the AP, solving this problem for uplink (UL) traffic presents a challenge for fair sharing of wireless hotspots. Among other issues, the mechanism for uplink traffic control has to scale across a large user base, and provide flexible operation irrespective of the client channel conditions and network loads. In this study, we propose the SplitAP architecture that address the problem of sharing uplink airtime across groups of users by extending the idea of network virtualization. Our architecture allows us to deploy different algorithms for enforcing UL airtime fairness across client groups. In this study, we will highlight the design features of the SplitAP architecture, and present results from evaluation on a prototype deployed with: (1) LPFC and (2) LPFC+, two algorithms for controlling UL group fairness. Performance comparisons on the ORBIT testbed show that the proposed algorithms are capable of providing group air-time fairness across wireless clients irrespective of the network volume, and traffic type. The algorithms show up to 40% improvement with a modified Jain fairness index.
DOI 10.1109/GLOCOM.2010.5684328
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/GLOCOM.2010.5684328


Bhanage, Gautam and Seskar, Ivan and Mahindra, Rajesh and Raychaudhuri, Dipankar
Author Bhanage, Gautam and Seskar, Ivan and Mahindra, Rajesh and Raychaudhuri, Dipankar
Title Virtual basestation: architecture for an open shared WiMAX framework
Booktitle Proceedings of the second ACM SIGCOMM workshop on Virtualized infrastructure systems and architectures
Location New Delhi, India
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2010
Abstract This paper presents the architecture and performance evaluation of a virtualized wide-area 4̈G ̈cellular wireless network. Specifically, it addresses the challenges of virtualization of resources in a cellular base station to enable shared use by multiple independent slice users (experimenters or mobile virtual network operators), each with possibly distinct flow types and network layer protocols. The proposed virtual basestation architecture is based on an external substrate which uses a layer-2 switched datapath, and an arbitrated control path to the WiMAX basestation. The framework implements virtualization of base station's radio resources to achieve isolation between multiple virtual networks. An algorithm for weighted fair sharing among multiple slices based on an airtime fairness metric has been implemented for the first release. Preliminary experimental results from the virtual basestation prototype are given, demonstrating mobile network performance, isolation across slices with different flow types, and custom flow scheduling capabilities.
DOI 10.1145/1851399.1851401
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1851399.1851401


Bhanage, Gautam and Seskar, Ivan and Raychaudhuri, Dipankar
Author Bhanage, Gautam and Seskar, Ivan and Raychaudhuri, Dipankar
Title A virtualization architecture for mobile WiMAX networks
Journal SIGMOBILE Mob. Comput. Commun. Rev.
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2012
Abstract Systems virtualization offers convenient means for sharing networking infrastructure while improving its utilization. This study addresses the challenges of virtualizing a commercial off-the-shelf 4G mobileWiMAX basestation. We highlight additions and modifications needed in theWiMAX network architecture for supporting multiple simultaneous virtual basestations on a single physical basestation. The most prominent features provided by the proposed virtual basestation framework include the capability to perform all frame switching at layer-2, and control mechanisms to provide isolation across slices needed to ensure experiment repeatability. By prototyping on a commercial WiMAX radio, this paper shows the usage of the virtual basestation system for housing mobile virtual network operators and testbeds alike. A use case is shown where the virtual basestation design is used to evaluate mobile handoff schemes. Another usage case is shown for optimizing a video delivery on the edge. The video delivery use case is used to show performance improvements of up to 5dB in the PSNR. Evaluation of prototype shows a significant improvement in the slice isolation, with aggregate throughput improvements of up to 192% achievable through fair resource allocation.
DOI 10.1145/2169077.2169082
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2169077.2169082


Blanton, Ethan and Chatterjee, Sarbajit and Gangam, Sriharsha and Kala, Sumit and Sharma, Deepti and Fahmy, Sonia and Sharma, Puneet
Author Blanton, Ethan and Chatterjee, Sarbajit and Gangam, Sriharsha and Kala, Sumit and Sharma, Deepti and Fahmy, Sonia and Sharma, Puneet
Title Design and evaluation of the S3 monitor network measurement service on GENI
Booktitle 2012 Fourth International Conference on Communication Systems and Networks (COMSNETS 2012)
Location Bangalore, India
Publisher IEEE
Year 2012
Abstract Network monitoring capabilities are critical for both network operators and networked applications. In the context of an experimental test facility, network measurement is important for researchers experimenting with new network architectures and applications, as well as operators of the test facility itself. The Global Environment for Network Innovations (GENI) is a sophisticated test facility comprised of multiple ” control frameworks.” In this paper, we describe the design and implementation of S
DOI 10.1109/COMSNETS.2012.6151327
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/COMSNETS.2012.6151327


Calyam, P. and Sridharan, M. and Xu, Yingxiao and Zhu, Kunpeng and Berryman, A. and Patali, R. and Venkataraman, A.
Author Calyam, P. and Sridharan, M. and Xu, Yingxiao and Zhu, Kunpeng and Berryman, A. and Patali, R. and Venkataraman, A.
Title Enabling performance intelligence for application adaptation in the Future Internet
Journal Communications and Networks, Journal of
Year 2011
DOI 10.1109/JCN.2011.6157475
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JCN.2011.6157475


Calyam, Prasad and Venkataraman, Aishwarya and Berryman, Alex and Faerman, Marcio
Author Calyam, Prasad and Venkataraman, Aishwarya and Berryman, Alex and Faerman, Marcio
Title Experiences from Virtual Desktop CloudExperiments in GENI
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract Popular applications such as email, photo/video galleries, and file storage are increasingly being supported by cloud platforms in residential, academia and industry communities. The next frontier for these user communities will be to transition 'traditional desktops' that have dedicated hardware and software configurations into 'virtual desktop clouds' that are accessible via thin-clients. In this paper, we describe experiences from our research and development of virtual desktop cloud experiments in GENI. Our experimentation goal is to investigate and develop optimal resource allocation frameworks and performance bench- marking tools that can enable provisioning (i.e., resource sizing) and placement (i.e., resource mapping) of thin-client based virtual desktops at Internet-scale. We first motivate why virtual desktop cloud experiments cannot be done only at a table-top level, and why infrastructures such as GENI are essential. Next, we detail the methodology of our completed ” provisioning” experiments, and our work-in-progress ” placement” experiments in GENI that leverage multiple kinds of GENI resources such as aggregates, measurement services and experimenter workflow tools, as well as commercial software. Lastly, we present our vision on how our experiment slice setup and application development experiences, as well as outcomes can be leveraged in classroom labs, and 'living labs' that use GENI resources to foster training and wide- adoption of Future Internet applications.


Cameron, Katherine and Brooks, R. R. and Deng, Juan and Yu, Lu and Wang, K. C. and Martin, James
Author Cameron, Katherine and Brooks, R. R. and Deng, Juan and Yu, Lu and Wang, K. C. and Martin, James
Title WiMAX: Bandwidth Contention Resolution Vulnerability to Denial of Service Attacks
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract Wireless communications is part of everyday life and 4G technology, including WiMAX, offers higher data rates and wider coverage than predecessor 3G technologies. Many security vulnerabilities have been discovered in 3G protocols and these vulnerabilities may still exist in next generation 4G protocols. This paper examines how system parameters for the WiMAX Bandwidth Contention Resolution process can affect network vulnerability to DoS attacks. It will present software simulations that explore system parameter settings and will cover the current phase of hardware simulations.


Chen, Kang and Shen, Haiying and Zhang, Haibo
Author Chen, Kang and Shen, Haiying and Zhang, Haibo
Title Leveraging Social Networks for P2P Content-Based File Sharing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
Booktitle 2011 IEEE Eighth International Conference on Mobile Ad-Hoc and Sensor Systems
Location Valencia, Spain
Publisher IEEE
Year 2011
Abstract Current P2P file sharing methods in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) can be classified into three groups: flooding-based, advertisement-based and social contact-based. The first two groups of methods can easily generate high overhead and low scalability, and the third group fails to consider the social interests (content) of mobile nodes, which otherwise can improve file searching efficiency. In this paper, we propose a P2P content-based file sharing system for MANETs. The system uses an interest extraction algorithm to derive a node's interests from its files for complex queries. For efficient file searching, it groups common-interest nodes that frequently meet with each other as communities. Further, it takes advantage of node mobility by designating stable nodes, which has frequent contact with community members, as community coordinators for intra-community searching, and highly-mobile nodes as community ambassadors for inter-community searching. An interest-oriented file searching scheme further enhances the file searching success rate. We first deployed our system on the real-world GENI Orbit testbed with a real trace and then conducted experiment on the ns2 simulator with both real trace and simulated disconnected and connected MANET scenario. The test results show that our system significantly lowers transmission cost and improves file searching success rate compared to current methods.
DOI 10.1109/MASS.2011.24
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MASS.2011.24


Chen, Kang and Xu, Ke and Winburn, Steven and Shen, Haiying and Wang, Kuang-Ching and Li, Ze
Author Chen, Kang and Xu, Ke and Winburn, Steven and Shen, Haiying and Wang, Kuang-Ching and Li, Ze
Title Experimentation of a MANET Routing Algorithm on the GENI ORBIT Testbed
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract This paper proposes a systematic procedure for experimentation of Mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) on the ORBIT testbed. MANETs have attracted significant re- search interests in recent years. Most of routing or file sharing algorithms in MANETs were only evaluated by theoretical analysis or simulations because of the requirement of large scale networks. However, due to the distinctive properties of MANETs, such as mobility and decentralized structure, it has been non-trivial to deploy a real testbed for the verification. The Global Environment for Network Innovations (GENI) project sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) provides an exploratory environment for academic real-world experiments, such as the ORBIT testbed. A stable and repeatable procedure for experimentation on real testbeds is necessary and important to assure the validity of results. In this paper, a MANET routing algorithm, namely LORD, was tested on the ORBIT testbed, using the proposed procedure. Specifically, we first configure the wireless interface on each node to enable the communication between each pair of nodes. Then a set of methods are adopted to construct the MANETs scenario for test. The network status is monitored throughout the entire duration of experiments. Finally, the experiment results of LORD on the GENI ORBIT testbed are demonstrated.


Cherukuri, Ramkumar and Liu, Xuan and Bavier, Andy and Sterbenz, James P. G. and Medhi, Deep
Author Cherukuri, Ramkumar and Liu, Xuan and Bavier, Andy and Sterbenz, James P. G. and Medhi, Deep
Title Network virtualization in GpENI: Framework, implementation & integration experience
Booktitle 12th IFIP/IEEE International Symposium on Integrated Network Management (IM 2011) and Workshops
Location Dublin, Ireland
Publisher IEEE
Year 2011
Abstract Great Plains Environment for Network Innovation (GpENI) is an international testbed for future Internet research. A key component of GpENI is programmable network virtualization (GpENI-VINI). The scope of this paper is to present the framework, implementation and integration experience with network virtualization in GpENI. In particular, this is described through our experience of implementing and integrating the XORP (eXtensible Open Router Platform) routing platform into GpENI-VINI. Preliminary results on measurements and validation are presented.
DOI 10.1109/INM.2011.5990568
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/INM.2011.5990568


Deng, Juan and Brooks, Richard R. and Martin, James
Author Deng, Juan and Brooks, Richard R. and Martin, James
Title Assessing the Effect of WiMAX System Parameter Settings on MAC-level Local DoS Vulnerability
Journal International Journal of Performability Engineering
Year 2012
Abstract The research community has established that WiMAX networks suffer from Denial of Service (DoS) vulnerabilities. In this paper, we analyze how WiMAX system parameter settings increase or decrease DoS vulnerabilities of WiMAX networks. The behavior of the WiMAX MAC level protocol is sensitive to the settings of core system parameters. Unlike traditional network-based DoS attacks, attacks resulting from parameter misconfiguration are difficult for network operators to detect. We focus on bandwidth contention resolution aspects of the WiMAX MAC protocol. Simulations are performed using the ns-2 simulator. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) techniques on the resulting simulation data identify which bandwidth contention resolution parameter combinations are crucial for configuring WiMAX to be less vulnerable to DoS attacks.


Duerig, Jonathon and Ricci, Robert and Stoller, Leigh and Strum, Matt and Wong, Gary and Carpenter, Charles and Fei, Zongming and Griffioen, James and Nasir, Hussamuddin and Reed, Jeremy and Wu, Xiongqi
Author Duerig, Jonathon and Ricci, Robert and Stoller, Leigh and Strum, Matt and Wong, Gary and Carpenter, Charles and Fei, Zongming and Griffioen, James and Nasir, Hussamuddin and Reed, Jeremy and Wu, Xiongqi
Title Getting started with GENI: a user tutorial
Journal SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev.
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2012
Abstract GENI, the Global Environment for Network Innovations, is a National Science Foundation project to create a v̈irtual laboratory at the frontiers of network science and engineering for exploring future internets at scale. ̈It provides researchers, educators, and students with resources that they can use to build their own networks that span the country and - through federation - the world. GENI enables experimenters to try out bold new network architectures and designs for networked systems, and to deploy and evaluate these systems on a diverse set of resources over a large footprint. This tutorial is a starting point for running experiments on GENI. It provides an overview of GENI and covers the process of creating a network and running a simple experiment using two tools: the Flack GUI and the INSTOOLS instrumentation service.
DOI 10.1145/2096149.2096161
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2096149.2096161


Duerig, Jonathon and Ricci, Robert and Stoller, Leigh and Wong, Gary and Chikkulapelly, Srikanth and Seok, Woojin
Author Duerig, Jonathon and Ricci, Robert and Stoller, Leigh and Wong, Gary and Chikkulapelly, Srikanth and Seok, Woojin
Title Designing a Federated Testbed as a Distributed System
Journal 8th International ICST Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructures for the Development of Networks and Communities (TRIDENTCOM 2012)
Year 2012
Abstract Traditionally, testbeds for networking and systems research have been stand-alone facilities: each is owned and operated by a single administrative entity, and is intended to be used independently of other testbeds. However, this isolated facility model is at odds with researchers' ever-increasing needs for experiments at larger scale and with a broader diversity of network technologies. The research community will be much better served by a federated model. In this model, each federated testbed maintains its own autonomy and unique strengths, but all federates work together to make their resources available under a common framework. Our challenge, then, is to design a federated testbed framework that balances competing needs: We must establish trust, but at the same time maintain the autonomy of each federated facility. While providing a unified interface to a broad set of resources, we need to expose the diversity that makes them valuable. Finally, our federation should work smoothly in a coordinated fashion, but avoid central points of failure and inter-facility dependencies. We argue that treating testbed design as a federated distributed systems problem is an effective approach to achieving this balance. The technique is illustrated through the example of ProtoGENI, a system we have designed, built, and operated according to the federated model.


Elliott, Chip and Falk, Aaron
Author Elliott, Chip and Falk, Aaron
Title An update on the GENI project
Journal SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev.
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2009
Abstract Environment for Network Innovations. Early prototypes of GENI are starting to come online as an end-to-end system and network researchers are invited to participate by engaging in the design process or using GENI to conduct experiments.
DOI 10.1145/1568613.1568620
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1568613.1568620


Erazo, Miguel A. and Liu, Jason
Author Erazo, Miguel A. and Liu, Jason
Title On enabling real-time large-scale network simulation in GENI: the PrimoGENI approach
Booktitle Proceedings of the 3rd International ICST Conference on Simulation Tools and Techniques
Location Torremolinos, Malaga, Spain
Publisher ICST (Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering)
Address ICST, Brussels, Belgium, Belgium
Year 2010
Abstract The Global Environment for Network Innovations (GENI) is a community-driven research and development effort to build a collaborative and exploratory network experimentation platform, a v̈irtual laboratory ̈for the design, implementation and evaluation of future Internets. In this paper, we present an overview of PrimoGENI, a GENI project with the goal of extending the GENI suite of interoperable infrastructure to allow network experiments at scale, involving physical, simulated and emulated network entities.
DOI 10.4108/ICST.SIMUTOOLS2010.8636
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.4108/ICST.SIMUTOOLS2010.8636


Feamster, Nick and Nayak, Ankur and Kim, Hyojoon and Clark, Russell and Mundada, Yogesh and Ramachandran, Anirudh and bin Tariq, Mukarram
Author Feamster, Nick and Nayak, Ankur and Kim, Hyojoon and Clark, Russell and Mundada, Yogesh and Ramachandran, Anirudh and bin Tariq, Mukarram
Title Decoupling policy from configuration in campus and enterprise networks
Booktitle 2010 17th IEEE Workshop on Local & Metropolitan Area Networks (LANMAN)
Location Long Branch, NJ, USA
Publisher IEEE
Year 2010
Abstract This paper surveys our ongoing work on the use of software-defined networking to simplify two acute policy problems in campus and enterprise network operations: access control and information flow control. We describe how the current coupling of high-level policy with low-level configuration makes these problems challenging today. We describe the specific policy problems faced by campus and enterprise network operators; illustrate our approach, which leverages recent trends in separating the network's ” control plane” from the data plane; and show how this approach can be applied to simplify these two enterprise network management tasks. We also describe our ongoing deployment efforts to build a campus network testbed where trial designs can be deployed and evaluated. We close with a summary of current and future research challenges for solving challenges within enterprise networks within the context of this new paradigm.
DOI 10.1109/LANMAN.2010.5507162
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/LANMAN.2010.5507162


Femminella, Mauro and Francescangeli, Roberto and Reali, Gianluca and Lee, Jae W. and Schulzrinne, Henning
Author Femminella, Mauro and Francescangeli, Roberto and Reali, Gianluca and Lee, Jae W. and Schulzrinne, Henning
Title An enabling platform for autonomic management of the future internet
Journal IEEE Network
Year 2011
Abstract This article shows an autonomic management solution based on the recently defined programmable node architecture NetServ. The article starts with a general description of the classical network management requirements and their adaptation to the expected network evolution. After a description of the major issues characterizing the management of the expected Future Internet, the main autonomic management paradigms, and some recently introduced autonomic service platforms, we show and demonstrate the effectiveness of the NetServ architecture. Born as a means to deploy and execute networked services at runtime over programmable routers, NetServ has proved to be a suitable environment for hosting an autonomic management architecture.
DOI 10.1109/MNET.2011.6085639
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MNET.2011.6085639


Gangam, Sriharsha and Blanton, Ethan and Fahmy, Sonia
Author Gangam, Sriharsha and Blanton, Ethan and Fahmy, Sonia
Title Exercises for Graduate Students using GENI
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract GENI brings together a wide variety of heterogeneous networking infrastructure and technologies under a common platform. We propose programming exercises for graduate students to introduce GENI and enable students to conduct high fidelity networking experiments. In this paper, we focus on an exercise to study congestion control and reliability using the ProtoGENI aggregate. A planned second exercise aims to leverage GENI OpenFlow aggregates to study firewalls and QoS mechanisms. We believe that these lab exercises will expose students to key networking concepts and recent research directions, e.g., in the data center context.


Gangam, Sriharsha and Fahmy, Sonia
Author Gangam, Sriharsha and Fahmy, Sonia
Title Mitigating interference in a network measurement service
Booktitle 2011 IEEE Nineteenth IEEE International Workshop on Quality of Service
Location San Jose, CA, USA
Publisher IEEE
Year 2011
Abstract Shared measurement services offer key advantages over conventional ad-hoc techniques for network monitoring. A measurement service may receive measurement requests concurrently from different applications and network administrators. These measurement requests are often served by injecting active network measurement traffic between two hosts. Two active measurements are said to interfere when the probe packets of one measurement tool are viewed as network traffic by the other. This may lead to faulty measurement readings. In this paper, we model the measurement interference problem, and show how to schedule measurement tasks to reduce interference and hence increase measurement accuracy. We propose twelve computationally tractable algorithms that decrease the total completion time (makespan) of measurement tasks, while avoiding interference. Our evaluation shows that the algorithm we refer to as Largest Area First, Busiest Node First - Earliest Interval Schedule (LAFBNF-EIS) has a mean makespan of about 5% more than the theoretical lower bound over our set of measurement workloads.
DOI 10.1109/IWQOS.2011.5931347
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IWQOS.2011.5931347


Gao, Jingcheng and Xiao, Yang
Author Gao, Jingcheng and Xiao, Yang
Title ProtoGENI DoS/DDoS Security Tests and Experiments
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract his paper will explain some tests and experiments to investigate selected security issues through ProtoGENI mainly during Spiral 3 time period and the beginning of Spiral 4. In this paper, we conduct multiple sets of DoS/ DDoS attacks in the current ProtoGENI testbed. These attacks show that it is very possible that ProtoGENI nodes may render vulnerabilities to such attacks.


Gember, Aaron and Dragga, Chris and Akella, Aditya
Author Gember, Aaron and Dragga, Chris and Akella, Aditya
Title ECOS: Practical Mobile Application Offloading for Enterprises
Booktitle 2nd USENIX Workshop on Hot Topics in Management of Internet, Cloud, and Enterprise Networks and Services (Hot-ICE '12)
Year 2012
Abstract Offloading has emerged as a promising idea to allow handheld devices to access intensive applications without performance or energy costs. This could be particularly useful for enterprises seeking to run line-of-business applications on handhelds. However, we must address two practical roadblocks in order to make offloading amenable for enterprises: (i) ensuring data privacy and the use of trusted offloading resources, and (ii) accommodating offload at scale with diverse handheld objectives and compute resource capabilities. We present the design and implementation of an Enterprise-Centric Offloading System (ECOS) which augments prior offloading proposals to address these issues. ECOS uses a logically central controller to opportunistically leverage diverse compute resources, while tightly controlling where specific applications offload depending on privacy, performance, and energy constraints of users and applications. A wide range of experiments using a real prototype establish the effectiveness of our approach.
URL http://www.usenix.org/conference/hot-ice12/ecos-practical-mobile-application-of%EF%AC%82oading-enterprises


Grandl, Robert and Han, Dongsu and Lee, Suk B. and Lim, Hyeontaek and Machado, Michel and Mukerjee, Matthew and Naylor, David
Author Grandl, Robert and Han, Dongsu and Lee, Suk B. and Lim, Hyeontaek and Machado, Michel and Mukerjee, Matthew and Naylor, David
Title Supporting network evolution and incremental deployment with XIA
Booktitle Proceedings of the ACM SIGCOMM 2012 conference on Applications, technologies, architectures, and protocols for computer communication
Location Helsinki, Finland
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2012
Abstract eXpressive Internet Architecture (XIA) [1] is an architecture that natively supports multiple communication types and allows networks to evolve their abstractions and functionality to accommodate new styles of communication over time. XIA embeds an elegant mechanism for handling unforeseen communication types for legacy routers. In this demonstration, we show that XIA overcomes three key barriers in network evolution (outlined below) by (1) allowing end-hosts and applications to start using new communication types (e.g., service and content) before the network supports them, (2) ensuring that upgrading a subset of routers to support new functionalities immediately benefits applications, and (3) using the same mechanisms we employ for 1 and 2 to incrementally deploy XIA in IP networks.
DOI 10.1145/2342356.2342410
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2342356.2342410


Griffioen, J. and Fei, Zongming and Nasir, H. and Wu, Xiongqi and Reed, J. and Carpenter, C.
Author Griffioen, J. and Fei, Zongming and Nasir, H. and Wu, Xiongqi and Reed, J. and Carpenter, C.
Title The design of an instrumentation system for federated and virtualized network testbeds
Booktitle Network Operations and Management Symposium (NOMS), 2012 IEEE
Publisher IEEE
Year 2012
Abstract Much of the GENI effort in developing network testbeds has been focused on building the control frameworks needed to allocate and initialize the network resources that make up an experiment. We argue that building the instrumentation and measurement system to monitor and capture the behavior of the network is just as important and challenging as setting up the network itself, especially in a virtualized and federated environment where getting information from experimental nodes is too complicated and too much to handle for a typical user. In this paper, we describe the design of an instrumentation and measurement infrastructure that allows users to monitor their experiments. The challenge that virtualization and federation of GENI testbeds bring to instrumentation and monitoring is how to hide the details of instrumentation setup from users so that users do not need to be experts in system administration or network management of virtualized and federated systems, but are still able to ” see” what is going on with their experiments. Our instrumentation tool sets up experiment-specific monitoring infrastructure that is tailored to capture, record, and display only information associated with that experiment. Our tools are currently available in GENI, and we present a simple example of how to use them to instrument an experiment.
DOI 10.1109/NOMS.2012.6212061
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/NOMS.2012.6212061


Griffioen, James and Fei, Zongming and Nasir, Hussanmuddin and Wu, Xiongqi and Reed, Jeremy and Carpenter, Charles
Author Griffioen, James and Fei, Zongming and Nasir, Hussanmuddin and Wu, Xiongqi and Reed, Jeremy and Carpenter, Charles
Title Teaching with the Emerging GENI Network
Booktitle Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Frontiers in Education: Computer Science and Computer Engineering (FECS)
Location Las Vegas
Year 2012


Herron, Jon-Paul
Author Herron, Jon-Paul
Title GENI Meta-Operations Center
Booktitle 2008 IEEE Fourth International Conference on eScience
Location Indianapolis, IN, USA
Publisher IEEE
Year 2008
Abstract NSF's GENI program represents an opportunity to build the kind of programmable, virtualized testbed scientists exploring the future of networking will need to support their research. As with any other scientific instrument, it will be crucial that the GENI infrastructure offer repeatable, consistent results to the researchers using it.The GENI Meta-Operations Center, operated by the Global Research NOC at Indiana University, will develop the software, protocols, and processes needed to ensure the repeatability, consistency, and efficiency of GENI.
DOI 10.1109/eScience.2008.103
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/eScience.2008.103


Ju, Xi and Zhang, Hongwei and Zeng, Wenjie and Sridharan, Mukundan and Li, Jing and Arora, Anish and Ramnath, Rajiv and Xin, Yufeng
Author Ju, Xi and Zhang, Hongwei and Zeng, Wenjie and Sridharan, Mukundan and Li, Jing and Arora, Anish and Ramnath, Rajiv and Xin, Yufeng
Title LENS: resource specification for wireless sensor network experimentation infrastructures
Booktitle Proceedings of the 6th ACM international workshop on Wireless network testbeds, experimental evaluation and characterization
Location Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2011
Abstract As a first step towards predictable, repeatable WSN experimentation, we propose the resource specification language LENS (a.k.a. Language for Embedded Networked Sensing) for WSN experimentation infrastructures. Using the Resource Description Framework (RDF) and the Web Ontology Language (OWL), LENS defines a semantic ontology for WSN resources; LENS enables explicit control and measurement of uncertainty factors, and it enables reasoning about the relationships between WSN resources. Focusing on basic concepts of WSNs, LENS supports resource specification in a wide range of WSN experimentation infrastructures, and it is extensible to support potentially unforeseen technologies. LENS is also compatible with specification languages for other network resources such as optical networks. As a part of the NSF GENI initiative, we have implemented LENS in the KanseiGenie control framework, and LENS has been actively used to support experimentation in the federated WSN infrastructure involving Kansei and NetEye. Enabling reasoning about uncertainty factors in experimentation, LENS is expected to serve as a basis for developing methodologies and tools for predictable, repeatable WSN experimentation.
DOI 10.1145/2030718.2030727
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2030718.2030727


Kim, Dae Y. and Mathy, Laurent and Campanella, Mauro and Summerhill, Rick and Williams, James and Shimojo, Shinji and Kitamura, Yasuichi and Otsuki, Hideaki
Author Kim, Dae Y. and Mathy, Laurent and Campanella, Mauro and Summerhill, Rick and Williams, James and Shimojo, Shinji and Kitamura, Yasuichi and Otsuki, Hideaki
Title Future Internet: Challenges in Virtualization and Federation
Booktitle 2009 Fifth Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications
Location Venice/Mestre, Italy
Publisher IEEE
Year 2009
Abstract Future Internet is a clean-slate research activity in the quest of new networking technologies to overcome the limits of the current Internet. In its experimental research, virtualization and federation are emerging as essential features, especially in the construction and operation of the testbeds. Moreover, they are believed to sustain as the fundamental features of the Future Internet itself. Visions and experiences on virtualization and federation are given by leading experts from US, EU, and Asia.
DOI 10.1109/AICT.2009.8
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/AICT.2009.8


Kim, Hyunjun and Lee, Sungwon
Author Kim, Hyunjun and Lee, Sungwon
Title FiRST Cloud Aggregate Manager development over FiRST: Future Internet testbed
Booktitle The International Conference on Information Network 2012
Location Bali, Indonesia
Publisher IEEE
Year 2012
Abstract FiRST (Future Internet Research for Sustainable Test-bed) is the future internet platform development project being performed in Korea. The goal of the project is to create the virtualized and dynamic service creation environments over future internet networks; it is an experimental project to realize future innovative service ideas over real network environments. Among this, cloud computing is the key enabler to control and allocate virtualized network resources (such as CPU, storage, and virtualized network configuration) for the requested services. However, researches on interworking between future internet and cloud computing is in initial phase. In this paper, we propose the FiRST Cloud Aggregate Manager (AM) based on GENI (Global Environment for Network Innovation) AM Application Programming Interface (API) for the federation between future internet test-bed and open source OpenStack cloud computing platform. After that, we propose the zero-client service for mobile cloud management. In order to control the zero-client service, we develop Cloud Mobility Client/Server. And, we validate and verified our FiRST Cloud AM and zero-client service by developing experimental test-bed. Through this test-bed, we confirm that the proposed FiRST Cloud AM and zero-client service efficiently interworks with future internet control plane framework by using GENI Control Framework (GCF) tools.
DOI 10.1109/ICOIN.2012.6164436
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICOIN.2012.6164436


Kline, Donald and Quan, John
Author Kline, Donald and Quan, John
Title Attribute description service for large-scale networks
Booktitle Proceedings of the 2nd international conference on Human centered design
Location Orlando, FL, USA
Publisher Springer-Verlag
Address Berlin, Heidelberg
Year 2011
Abstract An analysis of requesting resources from large-scale networks reveals a fundamental challenge. As the network grows, more and more resources become available, and so finding resources that fit experimental test criteria becomes difficult and time consuming. For example, the National Science Foundation sponsors GENI--an experimental network with a goal to gain enough resources to model the Internet at scale. Currently, GENI contains relatively few contributed resources donated from businesses and academia, and so matching resources to tests is rather simple. However, experimenters plan to conduct network experiments that are very complex and difficult to accurately model by using the vast numbers of resources expected in GENI. When GENI reaches its final state, finding the right resources that fit experimental test criteria out of many thousands of donated resources may be as difficult as conducting the experiment itself. This dilemma underscores the importance of establishing an attribute description service that promotes a standardized language for all interactions between the end users and the large-scale network.
DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-21753-1_58
URL http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2021672.2021735


Krishnappa, Dilip K. and Lyons, Eric and Irwin, David and Zink, Michael
Author Krishnappa, Dilip K. and Lyons, Eric and Irwin, David and Zink, Michael
Title Performance of GENI Cloud Testbeds for Real Time Scientific Application
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract Dedicating high end servers for short-term execution of scientific applications such as weather forecasting wastes resources. Cloud platforms IaaS model seems well suited for applications which are executed on an irregular basis and for short duration. In this paper, we evaluate the performance of research testbed cloud platforms such as GENICloud and ORCA cloud clusters for our real-time scientific application of short-term weather forecasting called Nowcasting. In this paper, we evaluate the network capabilities of these research cloud testbeds for our real-time application of weather forecasting. In addition, we evaluate the computation time of executing Nowcasting on each cloud platform for weather data collected from real weather events. We also evaluate the total time taken to generate and transmit short-term forecast images to end users with live data from our own radar on campus. We also compare the performance of each of these clusters for Nowcasting with commercial cloud services such as Amazon's EC2. The results obtained from our measurement show that cloud testbeds are suitable for real-time application experiments to be carried out on a cloud platform.


Lee, Jae W.
Author Lee, Jae W.
Title Towards a Common System Architecture for Dynamically Deploying Network Services in Routers and End Hosts
Year 2012
Abstract The architectural simplicity of the core Internet is a double-edged sword. On the one hand, its agnostic nature paved the way for endless innovations of end-to-end applications. On the other hand, the inherent limitation of this simplicity makes it difficult to add new functions to the network core itself. This is exacerbated by the conservative tendency of commercial entities to l̈eave well-enough alone,̈ leading to the current situation often referred to as the ossification of the Internet. For decades, there has been practically no new functionality that has been added to the core Internet on a large scale. This thesis explores the possibility of enabling in-network services towards the goal of overcoming the ossification of the Internet. Our ultimate goal is to provide a common run-time environment supported by all Internet nodes and a wide-area deployment mechanism, so that network services can be freely installed, removed, and migrated among Internet nodes of all kinds–from a backbone router to a set-top box at home. In that vision of a future Internet, there is little difference between servers and routers for the purpose of running network services. Services can run anywhere on the Internet. Application service providers will have the freedom to choose the best place to run their code. This thesis presents NetServ, our first step to realize the vision of network services running anywhere on the Internet. NetServ is a node architecture for dynamically deploying in-network services on edge routers. Network functions and applications are implemented as software modules which can be deployed at any NetServ-enabled node on the Internet, subject to policy restrictions. The NetServ framework provides a common execution environment for service modules and the ability to dynamically install and remove the services without restarting the nodes. There are many challenges in designing such a system. The main contribution of this thesis lies in meeting those challenges. First, we recognize that the primary impetus for adopting new technologies is economics. To address the challenge of providing economic incentives for enabling in-network services, we demonstrate how NetServ can facilitate an economic alliance between content providers and ISPs. Using NetServ, content providers and the ISPs operating at the network edge (aka eyeball ISPs) can enter into a mutually beneficial economic relationship. ISPs make their NetServ-enabled edge routers available for hosting content providers' applications and contents. Content providers can operate closer to end users by deploying code modules on NetServ-enabled edge routers. We make our case by presenting NetServ applications which represent four concrete use cases. Second, our node architecture must support both traditional server applications and in-network packet processing applications since content providers' applications running on ISPs' routers will combine the traits of both. To address this challenge, NetServ framework can host a packet processing module that sits in the data path, a server module that uses the TCP/IP stack in the traditional way, or a combined module that does both. NetServ provides a unified runtime environment between routers and servers, taking us a step closer to the vision of the unified runtime available on all Internet nodes. Third, we must provide a fast and streamlined deployment mechanism. Content providers should be able to deploy their applications at any NetServ-enabled edge router on the Inter- net, given that they have proper authorizations. Moreover, in some application scenarios, content providers may not know the exact locations of the target routers. Content providers need a way to send a message to install or remove an application module towards a network destination, and have the NetServ-enabled routers located in the path catch and act on the message. To address this challenge, we adopted on-path signaling as the deployment mechanism for NetServ. A NetServ signaling message is sent in an IP packet towards a destination. The packet gets forwarded by IP routers as usual, but when it transits a NetServ-enabled router, the message gets intercepted and passed to the NetServ control layer. Fourth, a NetServ-enabled router must support the concurrent executions of multiple without restarting the nodes. There are many challenges in designing such a system. The main contribution of this thesis lies in meeting those challenges. First, we recognize that the primary impetus for adopting new technologies is economics. To address the challenge of providing economic incentives for enabling in-network services, we demonstrate how NetServ can facilitate an economic alliance between content providers and ISPs. Using NetServ, content providers and the ISPs operating at the network edge (aka eyeball ISPs) can enter into a mutually beneficial economic relationship. ISPs make their NetServ-enabled edge routers available for hosting content providers' applications and contents. Content providers can operate closer to end users by deploying code modules on NetServ-enabled edge routers. We make our case by presenting NetServ applications which represent four concrete use cases. Second, our node architecture must support both traditional server applications and in-network packet processing applications since content providers' applications running on ISPs' routers will combine the traits of both. To address this challenge, NetServ framework can host a packet processing module that sits in the data path, a server module that uses the TCP/IP stack in the traditional way, or a combined module that does both. NetServ provides a unified runtime environment between routers and servers, taking us a step closer to the vision of the unified runtime available on all Internet nodes. Third, we must provide a fast and streamlined deployment mechanism. Content providers should be able to deploy their applications at any NetServ-enabled edge router on the Internet, given that they have proper authorizations. Moreover, in some application scenarios, content providers may not know the exact locations of the target routers. Content providers need a way to send a message to install or remove an application module towards a network destination, and have the NetServ-enabled routers located in the path catch and act on the message. To address this challenge, we adopted on-path signaling as the deployment mechanism for NetServ. A NetServ signaling message is sent in an IP packet towards a destination. The packet gets forwarded by IP routers as usual, but when it transits a NetServ-enabled router, the message gets intercepted and passed to the NetServ control layer. Fourth, a NetServ-enabled router must support the concurrent executions of multiple content providers' applications. Each content provider's execution environment must be isolated from one another, and the resource usage of each must be controlled. To address the challenge of providing a robust multi-user execution environment, we chose to run NetServ modules in user space. This is in stark contrast to most programmable routers, which run service modules in kernel space for fast packet processing. Furthermore, NetServ modules are written in Java and run in Java Virtual Machines (JVMs). Our choice of user space execution and JVM allows us to leverage the decades of technology advances in operating systems, virtualization, and Java. Lastly, in order to host the services of a large number of content providers, NetServ must be able to scale beyond the single-box architecture. We address this challenge with the multi-box lateral expansion of NetServ using the OpenFlow forwarding engine. In this extended architecture, multiple NetServ nodes are attached to an OpenFlow switch, which provides a physically separate forwarding plane. The scalability of user services is no longer limited to a single NetServ box. Additionally, this thesis presents our prior work on improving service discovery in local and global networks. The service discovery work makes indirect contribution because the limitations of local and overlay networks encountered during those studies eventually led us to investigate in-network services, which resulted in NetServ. Specifically, we investigate the issues involved in bootstrapping large-scale structured overlay networks, present a tool to merge service announcements from multiple local networks, and propose an enhancement to structured overlay networks using link-local multicast.
URL http://academiccommons.columbia.edu/download/fedora_content/download/ac:147210/CONTENT/Lee_columbia_0054D_10773.pdf


Lee, Jae W. and Francescangeli, Roberto and Janak, Jan and Srinivasan, Suman and Baset, Salman A. and Schulzrinne, Henning and Despotovic, Zoran and Kellerer, Wolfgang
Author Lee, Jae W. and Francescangeli, Roberto and Janak, Jan and Srinivasan, Suman and Baset, Salman A. and Schulzrinne, Henning and Despotovic, Zoran and Kellerer, Wolfgang
Title NetServ: Active Networking 2.0
Booktitle 2011 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops (ICC)
Location Kyoto, Japan
Publisher IEEE
Year 2011
Abstract We present NetServ, a node architecture for deploying in-network services in the next generation Internet. NetServ-enabled network nodes provide a common execution environment, where network services implemented as modules can be dynamically installed and removed. We demonstrate three such modules. MicroCDN is a dynamic content distribution network (CDN) service which implements a content caching strategy specific to a content provider. The NAT Keep-alive module offloads the processing of keep-alive messages from SIP servers. The Media Relay module allows any NetServ node to act as a media relay, eliminating the need to manage standalone relay servers. NetServ aims to revive the Active Networking vision. It was too far ahead of its time a decade ago, but we believe its time has finally arrived.
DOI 10.1109/iccw.2011.5963554
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/iccw.2011.5963554


Li, Dawei and Hong, Xiaoyan
Author Li, Dawei and Hong, Xiaoyan
Title Practical exploitation on system vulnerability of ProtoGENI
Booktitle Proceedings of the 49th Annual Southeast Regional Conference
Location Kennesaw, Georgia
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2011
Abstract Global Environment for Network Innovations (GENI) is a unique virtual laboratory for at-scale networking experimentation exploring future Internets. The successful development of GENI has to consider security problems from the design and prototyping stages. However, in many cases, system vulnerability cannot be found unless through real experimentation bearing purposeful and meaningful designs. In this paper, we introduce some of our efforts in exploring the security vulnerabilities in ProtoGENI, a prototype implementation and deployment of GENI. Our results show potential breach on security of GENI in terms of availability. We make suggestions on potential defense strategies in order to improve the ProtoGENI security and its development.
DOI 10.1145/2016039.2016073
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2016039.2016073


Li, Dawei and Hong, Xiaoyan and Bowman, Jason
Author Li, Dawei and Hong, Xiaoyan and Bowman, Jason
Title Evaluation of Security Vulnerabilities by Using ProtoGENI as a Launchpad
Booktitle IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2011)
Year 2011
Abstract In this paper we analyze the security architecture of ProtoGENI. ProtoGENI is a prototype control framework implementation of GENI (Global Environment for Network Innovations). We perform a variety of experiments in an effort to identify potential vulnerabilities presented in the current implementation. We classify our attacks into three types: data plane to data plane, data plane to control plane, and data plane to Internet. Our results indicate the potential for a breach of confidentiality and availability internally within ProtoGENI, as well as risks to external Internet. We make suggestions outlining possible defense strategies to improve ProtoGENI security and aid in future development
URL ftp://202.38.75.7/pub/%D0%C2%CE%C4%BC%FE%BC%D0%20(2)/DATA/PID1102190.PDF


Li, Ting and Van Vorst, Nathanael and Rong, Rong and Liu, Jason
Author Li, Ting and Van Vorst, Nathanael and Rong, Rong and Liu, Jason
Title Simulation studies of OpenFlow-based in-network caching strategies
Booktitle Proceedings of the 15th Communications and Networking Simulation Symposium
Location Orlando, Florida
Publisher Society for Computer Simulation International
Address San Diego, CA, USA
Year 2012
Abstract We propose an in-network caching architecture using Open-Flow to coordinate caching decisions in the network. Our scheme, called CacheFlow, extends the cache-and-forward concept by moving contents closer to the clients hop-by-hop using TCP for sending requests and retrieving contents. As such, CacheFlow can be incrementally implemented and deployed in the real network. In this paper, we present a simulation study of several caching policies, including a random cache policy, a statically optimal cache placement policy and a new disk placement strategy that places popular contents at the c̈enter ̈of the network. Experimental results show that simple in-network caching policies can be realized using today's technology to improve network performance.
URL http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2331762.2331774


Liu, Jun and O'Neil, Thomas and Desell, Travis and Carlson, Ross
Author Liu, Jun and O'Neil, Thomas and Desell, Travis and Carlson, Ross
Title Work-in-Progress: Empirical Verification of A Subset Sum Hypothesis in GENI Cloud
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012


Luna, Nicholas and Shetty, Sachin and Rogers, Tamara and Xiong, Kaiqi
Author Luna, Nicholas and Shetty, Sachin and Rogers, Tamara and Xiong, Kaiqi
Title Assessment of Router Vulnerabilities on PlanetLab Infrastructure for Secure Cloud Computing
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract In recent times, the cloud computing based delivery model has been proven to reduce enterprise IT costs and complexities. In contrast to traditional enterprise IT solutions, the cloud computing model moves the application software and data to remote servers in large datacenters, which raises many security challenges. One of the critical challenges is the inability to characterize the impact of the vulnerabilities of routers on the cloud security and performance guarantees. In this paper, we analyze the degree of security provided by routers to data sharing applications deployed in cloud environments that span administrative and network domains. Our analysis is based on examining the security level of network applications on routers which lie between nodes on Planetlab infrastructure. We assume that some of the PlanetLab nodes will share the same wide area network path as the cloud servers. Our preliminary results confirm that the majority of the routers are plagued by insecure network protocols, leading to vulnerable routers. These results confirm our hypothesis that the security of the network infrastructure needs to be upgraded to assure the protection of information exchanged on the wide area network path.


Maccherani, E. and Femminella, M. and Lee, J. W. and Francescangeli, R. and Janak, J. and Reali, G. and Schulzrinne, H.
Author Maccherani, E. and Femminella, M. and Lee, J. W. and Francescangeli, R. and Janak, J. and Reali, G. and Schulzrinne, H.
Title Extending the NetServ autonomic management capabilities using OpenFlow
Booktitle 2012 IEEE Network Operations and Management Symposium
Location Maui, HI
Publisher IEEE
Year 2012
Abstract Autonomic management capabilities of the Future Internet can be provided through a recently proposed service architecture called NetServ. It consists of the interconnection of programmable nodes which enable dynamic deployment and execution of network and application services. This paper shows how this architecture can be further improved by introducing the OpenFlow architecture and implementing the OpenFlow controller as a NetServ service, thus improving both the NetServ management performance and its flexibility. These achievements are demonstrated experimentally on the GENI environment, showing the platform self-protecting capabilities in case of a SIP DoS attack.
DOI 10.1109/NOMS.2012.6211961
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/NOMS.2012.6211961


Mahindra, R. and Bhanage, G. D. and Hadjichristofi, G. and Seskar, I. and Raychaudhuri, D. and Zhang, Y. Y.
Author Mahindra, R. and Bhanage, G. D. and Hadjichristofi, G. and Seskar, I. and Raychaudhuri, D. and Zhang, Y. Y.
Title Space Versus Time Separation for Wireless Virtualization on an Indoor Grid
Booktitle Next Generation Internet Networks, 2008. NGI 2008
Publisher IEEE
Year 2008
Abstract The decreasing cost of wireless hardware and ever increasing number of wireless testbeds has led to a shift in the protocol evaluation paradigm from simulations towards emulation. In addition, with a large number of users demanding experimental resources and lack of space and time for deploying more hardware, fair resource sharing among independent co-existing experiments is important. We study the proposed approaches to wireless virtualization with a focus on schemes conserving wireless channels rather than nodes. Our detailed comparison reveals that while experiments sharing a channel by space separation achieve better efficiency than those relying on time separation of a channel, the isolation between experiments in both cases is comparable. We propose and implement a policy manager to alleviate the isolation problem and suggest scenarios in which either of the schemes would provide a suitable virtualization solution.
DOI 10.1109/NGI.2008.36
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/NGI.2008.36


Mahindra, R. and Bhanage, G. and Hadjichristofi, G. and Ganu, S. and Kamat, P. and Seskar, I. and Raychaudhuri, D.
Author Mahindra, R. and Bhanage, G. and Hadjichristofi, G. and Ganu, S. and Kamat, P. and Seskar, I. and Raychaudhuri, D.
Title Integration of heterogeneous networking testbeds
Booktitle Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Testbeds and research infrastructures for the development of networks & communities
Location Innsbruck, Austria
Publisher ICST (Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering)
Address ICST, Brussels, Belgium, Belgium
Year 2008
Abstract As networking research expands into new frontiers, the research community has felt a need for a heterogeneous networking research infrastructure to experiment with the interaction and integration of different types of networks, and to test the performance of various networking protocols in realistic environments. This requirement has led to the Global Environment for Network Innovations (GENI) initiative to create a global infrastructure for conducting networking experiments across diverse substrates such as wired (local and wide-area), wireless, sensor and cellular networks. In this paper, we discuss and present two models for building such an experimental infrastructure. The first model enables a wired testbed to link with wireless edge nodes during an experiment, whereas the second model enables a wireless testbed to link to wired testbeds. Proof-of-concept experiments are also presented reinforcing the usefulness of the models in terms of facilitating experiments over the integrated heterogeneous infrastructure.
URL http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1390609


Mandvekar, Lokesh and Sathyaraja, Anandatirtha and Qiao, Chunming
Author Mandvekar, Lokesh and Sathyaraja, Anandatirtha and Qiao, Chunming
Title Socially Aware Single System Images
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract Cloud computing enables users to get access to huge amounts of computing resources as desired. There are many popular commercial cloud service providers which provide resources to users at a price. These providers can not be trusted as far as privacy of data is concerned. On the other hand, people do trust their close friends, relatives and other social contacts, albeit, to varying degrees. This paper reports the work-in-progress on S3I(Socially Aware Single System Images) which allows users to form computing clusters using resources owned by their social contacts. It tries to utilize the trust found between people in real life and translate it to provide trustworthy resource sharing between them.


Maziku, Hellen and Shetty, Sachin and Rogers, Tamara
Author Maziku, Hellen and Shetty, Sachin and Rogers, Tamara
Title Measurement-based IP Geolocation of Routers on Planetlab Infrastructure
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract Location aware applications can benefit from a more accurate yet robust IP geolocation framework. Various approaches to IP geolocation have been well documented. The most recent approach casts IP geolocation as a machine learn- ing classification problem. This approach makes it possible to incorporate both delay and non delay based information. The accuracy of IP geolocation can be improved by incorporating additional types of geolocation information rather relying on network delay alone. To enhance the classification accuracy of the existing classification framework, we expand it to include 6 features (3 of which are novel). We use PlanetLab as a testbed to generate our measurement set. We select 67 PlanetLab nodes within the United States with known geographic location as our landmarks. We test the accuracy of our framework on 23,843 routers given ping measurements from the 67 landmarks. With only three features (average delay, average hops and population density) tested, our new classifier gives a reduced average error distance of 157.81 miles and a median error distance of 0 miles, compared to the present classifier that gives an average error distance of 253.34 miles. This is very promising as we move on to the next phase of incorporating data for the remaining 5 features. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first proposed framework that aims to improve the accuracy of the present classifier based IP geolocation.


Mitroff, Sarah
Author Mitroff, Sarah
Title Lawrence Landweber Helped Build Today's Internet, Now He's Advising Its Future
Journal Wired
Year 2012
URL http://www.wired.com/business/2012/08/lawrence-landweber/


Muhammad, Monzur and Cappos, Justin
Author Muhammad, Monzur and Cappos, Justin
Title Towards a Representive Testbed: Harnessing Volunteers for Networks Research
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract A steady rise in home systems has been seen over the past few years. As more systems are designed and deployed, an appropriate testbed is required to test these systems. Sev- eral systems exist, such as PlanetLab, that currently provide a networking testbed allowing researchers and developers to test and measure various applications. However in the long run such testbeds will be unable to keep up and meet all the demands of many of the large scale modern day peer-to-peer systems. We outline the various challenges and essentials of a networking testbed and we provide an alternate network- ing testbed that is driven by resources that are voluntarily contributed. We talk about the various advantages and dis- advantages of the Seattle system, an open source peer-to- peer computing testbed that has the potential to meet these demands. The testbed is composed of sandboxed resources that are donated by volunteers. Seattle has been deployed for about three years and supports many researchers who are interested in a networking testbed. The testbed consists of over 4100 nodes and is constantly growing. Seattle looks to grow and meet the demands of networking testbeds as they are made.


Ozcelik, Ilker and Brooks, Richard R.
Author Ozcelik, Ilker and Brooks, Richard R.
Title Security experimentation using operational systems
Booktitle Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Workshop on Cyber Security and Information Intelligence Research
Location Oak Ridge, Tennessee
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2011
Abstract Computers and Internet have evolved into necessary tools for our professional, personal and social lives. As a result of this growing dependence, there is a concern that these systems remain protected and available. This concern increases exponentially when considering systems such as smart power grids. Therefore, research should be conducted to develop effective ways of detecting system anomalies. To have realistic results, the studies should be tested on real systems. However, it is not possible to test these experiments on the live network. With the recent collaboration of Universities and research labs, a new experiment test bed has been established. As a result, experiments can now be implemented on real networks. In our study, we design an experiment to analyze Distributed Denial of Service Attacks (DDoS Attack) on a real network with real Internet traffic. The approach that we use in our study can easily be generalized to apply to smart power grids.
DOI 10.1145/2179298.2179388
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2179298.2179388


Author Ozcelik, Ilker and Brooks, Richard R.
Title Performance Analysis of DDoS Detection Methods on Real Network
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks are major security threats to the Internet. The distributed structure of these attacks makes it difficult to distinguish between legitimate and attack traffic, making detection difficult. In addition to this challenge, researchers also have to study and find countermeasures against these attacks without using an operational network for testing, since attacks on operational networks inconvenience users. In this paper, we propose a method to perform DDoS analysis on real hardware using real traffic without jeopardizing the original network. We implement our experiments on the Geni testbed using Openflow. We present results from DDoS detection methods using operational traffic.


Paul, Subharthi and Pan, Jianli and Jain, Raj
Author Paul, Subharthi and Pan, Jianli and Jain, Raj
Title Architectures for the future networks and the next generation Internet: A survey
Journal Computer Communications
Publisher Elsevier Science Publishers B. V.
Address Amsterdam, The Netherlands, The Netherlands
Year 2011
Abstract Networking research funding agencies in USA, Europe, Japan, and other countries are encouraging research on revolutionary networking architectures that may or may not be bound by the restrictions of the current TCP/IP based Internet. We present a comprehensive survey of such research projects and activities. The topics covered include various testbeds for experimentations for new architectures, new security mechanisms, content delivery mechanisms, management and control frameworks, service architectures, and routing mechanisms. Delay/disruption tolerant networks which allow communications even when complete end-to-end path is not available are also discussed.
DOI 10.1016/j.comcom.2010.08.001
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comcom.2010.08.001


Qin, Z. and Xiong, X. and Chuah, M.
Author Qin, Z. and Xiong, X. and Chuah, M.
Title Lehigh Explorer: Android Application Utilizing Content Centric Features
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract Companies, government organizations or institutions from anywhere in the world publish different types of information e.g. news, health alerts, disaster warnings at any time. Rather than consuming all published data, users only desire access to information of interest to themselves irrespective of where the data is located and who publish them. Existing publish/subscribe systems built based on IP-based network can be inefficient and are not flexible enough to meet emerging requirements e.g. deal with mobile users, dynamic contents, searching over encrypted data. Recently content-centric networks have been proposed to provide flexibility to users to access such information. We have designed secure content centric mobile networks that allow users to publish and retrieve contents securely. As with any new architecture, one important issue is to have useful applications that can utilize features provided in the new architecture. In this paper, we describe an Android application we recently developed that allows visitors to explore Lehigh campus based on their expressed interests. Our application utilizes keyword based interest messages to retrieve matching data items of interests to a user. We are giving a demo of Lehigh Explorer at GEC13.


Quan, John and Nance, Kara and Hay, Brian
Author Quan, John and Nance, Kara and Hay, Brian
Title A Mutualistic Security Service Model: Supporting Large-Scale Virtualized Environments
Journal IT Professional
Year 2011
Abstract Applying a mutualistic security service model to large-scale virtualized environments that rely on contributed hardware lets researchers improve security in exchange for resources. The authors discuss this model in the context of the Global Environment for Network Innovation (GENI) project.
DOI 10.1109/MITP.2011.36
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MITP.2011.36


Ricci, Robert and Wong, Gary and Stoller, Leigh and Duerig, Jonathon
Author Ricci, Robert and Wong, Gary and Stoller, Leigh and Duerig, Jonathon
Title An Architecture For International Federation of Network Testbeds
Journal IEICE Transactions on Communications
Year 2013
Abstract Testbeds play a key role in the advancement of network science and the exploration of new network architectures. Because the scale and scope of any individual testbed is necessarily limited, federation is a useful technique for constructing testbeds that serve a wide range of experimenter needs. In a federated testbed, individual facilities maintain local autonomy while cooperating to provide a unified set of abstractions and interfaces to users. Forming an international federation is particularly challenging, because issues of trust, user access policy, and local laws and regulations are of greater concern that they are for federations within a single country. In this paper, we describe an architecture, based on the US National Science Foundation's GENI project, that is capable of supporting the needs of an international federation.
DOI 10.1587/transcom.E96.B.2
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1587/transcom.E96.B.2


Rohrer, Justin P. and Çetinkaya, Egemen K. and Sterbenz, James P. G.
Author Rohrer, Justin P. and Çetinkaya, Egemen K. and Sterbenz, James P. G.
Title Progress and challenges in large-scale future internet experimentation using the GpENI programmable testbed
Booktitle Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Future Internet Technologies
Location Seoul, Republic of Korea
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2011
Abstract GpENI is evolving to provide a promising environment in which to do experimental research in the resilience and survivability of future networks, by allowing programmable control over topology and mechanism, while providing the scale and global reach needed to conduct network experiments far beyond the capabilities of a conventional testbed. Addressing this need at scale introduces a number of challenges both in deployment and in collecting results that can be directly compared to simulation results for cross-verification purposes. In this short paper we present the scope, design goals, challenges, and current status of the GpENI programmable testbed, as well as an overview and examples of the types of experiments we are beginning to run.
DOI 10.1145/2002396.2002409
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2002396.2002409


Rosen, Aaron and Wang, Kuang-Ching
Author Rosen, Aaron and Wang, Kuang-Ching
Title Steroid OpenFlow Service: Seamless Network Service Delivery in Software Defined Networks
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract In a software defined network (SDN), packet forwarding is controlled by software controllers. In an OpenFlow SDN, a controller can control the forwarding, rewriting, and dropping of packets based on their header attributes. The ability to handle packets in customizable ways in software has significant implications for both network users and operators. Via software, users can convey application specific expectations while operators can deliver application specific services to enhance user experiences. In this paper, we present the Steroid OpenFlow Services (SOS) paradigm for network services delivery. The paradigm enables operators to deliver network services without any setup requirements on user machines. SOS utilizes OpenFlow to redirect application specific traffic to application specific service agents; SOS also rewrites packet headers for a service to remain seamless to users. This paper presents an example SOS service for optimizing large volume TCP download across a large delay-bandwidth-product wide area network. SOS service agents on both ends of the connection seamlessly terminate a user TCP connection, launch a set of parallel TCP connections, and leverage multiple paths when available to maximize throughput. With the NSF GENI future Internet testbed, a prototype implementation achieved up to 320 times throughput enhancement seamless to the end users.


Seskar, Ivan and Nagaraja, Kiran and Nelson, Sam and Raychaudhuri, Dipankar
Author Seskar, Ivan and Nagaraja, Kiran and Nelson, Sam and Raychaudhuri, Dipankar
Title MobilityFirst future internet architecture project
Booktitle Proceedings of the 7th Asian Internet Engineering Conference
Location Bangkok, Thailand
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2011
Abstract This short paper presents an overview of the MobilityFirst network architecture, which is a clean-slate project being conducted as part of the NSF Future Internet Architecture (FIA) program. The proposed architecture is intended to directly address the challenges of wireless access and mobility at scale, while also providing new multicast, anycast, multi-path and context-aware services needed for emerging mobile Internet application scenarios. Key protocol components of the proposed architecture are: (a) separation of naming from addressing; (b) public key based self-certifying names (called globally unique identifiers or GUIDs) for network-attached objects; (c) global name resolution service (GNRS) for dynamic name-to-address binding; (d) delay-tolerant and storage-aware routing (GSTAR) capable of dealing with wireless link quality fluctuations and disconnections; (e) hop-by-hop transport of large protocol data units; and (f) location or context-aware services. The basic operations of a MobilityFirst router are outlined. This is followed by a discussion of ongoing proof-of-concept prototyping and experimental evaluation efforts for the MobilityFirst protocol stack. In conclusion, a brief description of an ongoing multi-site experimental deployment of the MobilityFirst protocol stack on the GENI testbed is provided.
DOI 10.1145/2089016.2089017
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2089016.2089017


Sharma, Navin and Gummeson, Jeremy and Irwin, David and Shenoy, Prashant
Author Sharma, Navin and Gummeson, Jeremy and Irwin, David and Shenoy, Prashant
Title Cloudy Computing: Leveraging Weather Forecasts in Energy Harvesting Sensor Systems
Booktitle 2010 7th Annual IEEE Communications Society Conference on Sensor, Mesh and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks (SECON)
Location Boston, MA, USA
Publisher IEEE
Year 2010
Abstract To sustain perpetual operation, systems that harvest environmental energy must carefully regulate their usage to satisfy their demand. Regulating energy usage is challenging if a system's demands are not elastic and its hardware components are not energy-proportional, since it cannot precisely scale its usage to match its supply. Instead, the system must choose when to satisfy its energy demands based on its current energy reserves and predictions of its future energy supply. In this paper, we explore the use of weather forecasts to improve a system's ability to satisfy demand by improving its predictions. We analyze weather forecast, observational, and energy harvesting data to formulate a model that translates a weather forecast to a wind or solar energy harvesting prediction, and quantify its accuracy. We evaluate our model for both energy sources in the context of two different energy harvesting sensor systems with inelastic demands: a sensor testbed that leases sensors to external users and a lexicographically fair sensor network that maintains steady node sensing rates. We show that using weather forecasts in both wind- and solar-powered sensor systems increases each system's ability to satisfy its demands compared with existing prediction strategies.
DOI 10.1109/SECON.2010.5508260
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/SECON.2010.5508260


Shen, Haiying and Liu, Guoxin
Author Shen, Haiying and Liu, Guoxin
Title Harmony: Integrated Resource and Reputation Management for Large-Scale Distributed Systems
Booktitle 2011 Proceedings of 20th International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks (ICCCN)
Location Lahaina, HI, USA
Publisher IEEE
Year 2011
Abstract Advancements in technology over the past decade are leading to a promising future for large-scale distributed systems, where globally-scattered distributed resources are collectively pooled and used in a cooperative manner to achieve unprecedented petascale supercomputing capabilities. The issues of resource management (resMgt) and reputation management (repMgt) need to be addressed in order to ensure the successful deployment of large-scale distributed systems. However, these two issues have typically been addressed separately, despite the significant interdependencies between them: resMgt needs repMgt to provide a cooperative environment for resource sharing, and in turn facilitates repMgt to evaluate multi-faceted node reputations for providing different resources. Current repMgt methods provide a single reputation value for each node in providing all types of resources. However, a node willing to provide one resource may not be willing to provide another resource. In addition, current repMgt methods often guide node selection policy to select the highest-reputed nodes, which may overload these nodes. Also, few works exploited node reputation in resource selection in order to fully and fairly utilize resources in the system and to meet users' diverse QoS demands. We propose a system called Harmony that integrates resMgt and repMgt in a harmonious manner. Harmony incorporates two key innovations: integrated multi-faceted resource/reputation management and multi-QoS-oriented resource selection. The trace data we collected from an online trading platform confirms the importance of multi-faceted reputation and potential problems with highest-reputed node selection. Trace-driven experiments performed on PlanetLab show that Harmony outperforms existing resMgt and repMgt in terms of the success rate, service delay, and efficiency.
DOI 10.1109/ICCCN.2011.6005739
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICCCN.2011.6005739


Shin, Sunae and Dhondge, Kaustubh and Choi, Baek-Young
Author Shin, Sunae and Dhondge, Kaustubh and Choi, Baek-Young
Title Understanding the Performance of TCP and UDP-based Data Transfer Protocols using EMULAB
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract In this paper, we present a hands-on course project that explores the performance of data transfer protocols using a GENI resource. TCP is one of the key topics in networking courses, and understanding its behavior as well as limitations, from real experiments, offers an invaluable and deep learning experience. A protocol's performance is directly impacted by network parameters such as network bandwidth, delay and loss. However, it is difficult to control and even vary those parameters, if it is not evaluated with simulations. GENI facilities conveniently provide a virtual laboratory that enables us to control the network settings with real network systems. Through this educational project, students had an opportunity to control important network parameters, and measure and compare TCP's performance with a UDP-based data transfer protocol, UDT, using EMULAB. Students were enthusiastic to witness the protocols' performances, and the limitations of TCP under a high bandwidth delay product network in the presence of packet loss, and to recognize the importance of protocol design and system issues for the future Internet.


Sivakumar, Ashiwan and Shankaranarayanan, P. N. and Rao, Sanjay
Author Sivakumar, Ashiwan and Shankaranarayanan, P. N. and Rao, Sanjay
Title Closer to the Cloud - A Case for Emulating Cloud Dynamics by Controlling the Environment
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012


Soroush, Hamed and Banerjee, Nilanjan and Corner, Mark and Levine, Brian and Lynn, Brian
Author Soroush, Hamed and Banerjee, Nilanjan and Corner, Mark and Levine, Brian and Lynn, Brian
Title A retrospective look at the UMass DOME mobile testbed
Journal SIGMOBILE Mob. Comput. Commun. Rev.
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2012
Abstract In this paper we describe the evolution of DOME, a diverse outdoor testbed for mobile experimentation. In addition, while highlighting the challenges faced in construction of DOME, we describe a concrete set of scientific results derived from this experience in a retrospective study. First, we argue that a broad range of mobility experiments could be performed in a testbed which provides the properties of temporal, technological, and spatial diversity. We demonstrate these properties in our testbed through analysis of data collected from DOME over a period of four years. Second, we crystallize a set of design principles that others should use when constructing testbeds of their own, including those related to deploying and managing a diverse testbed, distributing experiments remotely, and fostering collaborations among testbed stakeholders. Finally, using traces collected by DOME, we provide insights into several important problems in mobile systems research.
DOI 10.1145/2169077.2169079
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2169077.2169079


Sridharan, Mukundan and Calyam, Prasad and Venkataraman, Aishwarya and Berryman, Alex
Author Sridharan, Mukundan and Calyam, Prasad and Venkataraman, Aishwarya and Berryman, Alex
Title Defragmentation of Resources in Virtual Desktop Clouds for Cost-Aware Utility-Optimal Allocation
Booktitle 2011 Fourth IEEE International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing
Location Melbourne, Australia
Publisher IEEE
Year 2011
Abstract Cloud Service Providers (CSPs) make virtual desktop cloud (VDC) resource provisioning decisions within desktop pools based on user groups and their application profiles. Such provisioning is aimed to satisfy acceptable user quality of experience (QoE) levels and is coupled with subsequent placement of VDs across distributed data centers. The placement decisions are influenced by session latency, load balancing and operation cost constraints. In this paper, we identify the resource fragmentation problem that occurs when placement is done opportunistically to minimize provisioning time and deliver satisfactory user QoE. To solve this problem, which inherently is an NP-Hard problem, we propose a defragmentation scheme that has fast convergence time and has three levels of complexity: (i) ütility fair provisioning ̈(UFP) to optimize resource provisioning within a data center - to achieve relative fairness between desktop pools, (ii) s̈tatic migration-free utility optimal placement and provisioning ̈(MUPP) to optimize resource provisioning between multiple data centers - to improve performance, and (iii) d̈ynamic global utility optimal placement and provisioning ̈(GUPP) to optimize resource provisioning using cost-aware and utility-maximal VD re-allocations and migrations - to increase scalability. We evaluate our defragmentation scheme against 'least latency', 'least load', and 'least cost' schemes using a novel V̈DC-Sim ̈simulator that we have developed in this study. Our simulations leverage profiles of user groups and their applications within desktop pools, obtained from a real VDC test bed. Our simulation results demonstrate that defragmentation is an important optimization step that can enable CSPs to achieve fairness, substantially improve user QoE and increase VDC scalability.
DOI 10.1109/UCC.2011.41
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/UCC.2011.41


Sridharan, Mukundan and Zeng, Wenjie and Leal, William and Ju, Xi and Ramanath, Rajiv and Zhang, Hongwei and Arora, Anish
Author Sridharan, Mukundan and Zeng, Wenjie and Leal, William and Ju, Xi and Ramanath, Rajiv and Zhang, Hongwei and Arora, Anish
Title From Kansei to KanseiGenie: Architecture of Federated, Programmable Wireless Sensor Fabrics
Journal Proceedings of the ICST Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructures for the Development of Networks and Communities (TridentCom)
Year 2010
Abstract This paper deals with challenges in federating wireless sensing fabrics. Federations of this sort are currently being developed in next generation global end-to-end experimentation infrastructures, such as GENI, to support rapid prototyping and hi-fidelity validation of protocols and applications. On one hand, federation should support access to diverse (and potentially provider-specific) wireless sensor resources and, on the other, it should enable users to uniformly task these resources. Instead of more simple basing federation upon a standard description of resources, we propose an architecture where the ontology of resource description can vary across providers, and a mapping of user needs to resources is performed to achieve uniform tasking. We illustrate one realization of this architecture, in terms of our refactoring the Kansei testbed to become the KanseiGenie federated fabric manager, which has full support for programmability, sliceability, and federated experimentation over heterogeneous sensing fabrics.


Stabler, Greg and Goasguen, Sebastien and Rosen, Aaron and Wang, Kuang-Ching
Author Stabler, Greg and Goasguen, Sebastien and Rosen, Aaron and Wang, Kuang-Ching
Title OneCloud: Controlling the Network in an OpenFlow Cloud
Booktitle First GENI Research and Educational Experiment Workshop (GREE 2012)
Location Los Angeles
Year 2012
Abstract Cloud computing is an emerging paradigm for on-demand access to computing resources over the network. Beyond early Software as a Service (SaaS) offerings, there is an increasing interest in the Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) model where users request specific storage, networking, and computing resources to meet their application needs. To provision the network in a cloud, IaaS providers, such as the Amazon Web Services, allow users to choose their IP addresses, which can be associated with a dynamic set of virtual hosts (Elastic IP) with VPN, dynamic DNS, and dynamic firewall services. In this paper, we analyze a range of cloud network provisioning needs and the means to realize them in an OpenFlow network. We present an OpenFlow enabled framework for cloud network provisioning, based on the Open- Nebula cloud provisioning engine. Specifically, we demonstrate an Elastic IP service compatible with the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) API. This demonstration is available on the Clemson OneCloud IaaS offering. Ongoing efforts focus on the enablement of additional cloud network services for campus networks and wide area experimental networks like the National Science Foundation's GENI network.


Sterbenz, J. P. G. and Egemen and Hameed, M. A. and Jabbar, A. and Rohrer, J. P.
Author Sterbenz, J. P. G. and Egemen and Hameed, M. A. and Jabbar, A. and Rohrer, J. P.
Title Modelling and analysis of network resilience
Booktitle 2011 Third International Conference on Communication Systems and Networks (COMSNETS 2011)
Location Bangalore
Publisher IEEE
Year 2011
Abstract As the Internet becomes increasingly important to all aspects of society, the consequences of disruption become increasingly severe. Thus it is critical to increase the resilience and survivability of the future network. We define resilience as the ability of the network to provide desired service even when challenged by attacks, large-scale disasters, and other failures. This paper describes a comprehensive methodology to evaluate network resilience using a combination of analytical and simulation techniques with the goal of improving the resilience and survivability of the Future Internet.
DOI 10.1109/COMSNETS.2011.5716502
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/COMSNETS.2011.5716502


Sterbenz, James P. G. and Çetinkaya, Egemen K. and Hameed, Mahmood A. and Jabbar, Abdul and Qian, Shi and Rohrer, Justin P.
Author Sterbenz, James P. G. and Çetinkaya, Egemen K. and Hameed, Mahmood A. and Jabbar, Abdul and Qian, Shi and Rohrer, Justin P.
Title Evaluation of network resilience, survivability, and disruption tolerance: analysis, topology generation, simulation, and experimentation
Journal Telecommunication Systems
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Year 2011
Abstract As the Internet becomes increasingly important to all aspects of society, the consequences of disruption become increasingly severe. Thus it is critical to increase the resilience and survivability of future networks. We define resilience as the ability of the network to provide desired service even when challenged by attacks, large-scale disasters, and other failures. This paper describes a comprehensive methodology to evaluate network resilience using a combination of topology generation, analytical, simulation, and experimental emulation techniques with the goal of improving the resilience and survivability of the Future Internet.
DOI 10.1007/s11235-011-9573-6
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11235-011-9573-6


Teerapittayanon, Surat and Fouli, Kerim and Médard, Muriel and Montpetit, Marie-José and Shi, Xiaomeng and Seskar, Ivan and Gosain, Abhimanyu
Author Teerapittayanon, Surat and Fouli, Kerim and Médard, Muriel and Montpetit, Marie-José and Shi, Xiaomeng and Seskar, Ivan and Gosain, Abhimanyu
Title Network Coding as a WiMAX Link Reliability Mechanism
Booktitle MACOM 2012 - To Appear in Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS)
Abstract We design and implement a network-coding-enabled relia- bility architecture for next generation wireless networks. Our network coding (NC) architecture uses a flexible thread-based design, with each encoder-decoder instance applying systematic intra-session random lin- ear network coding as a packet erasure code at the IP layer. Using GENI WiMAX platforms, a series of point-to-point transmission experiments were conducted to compare the performance of the NC architecture to that of the Automatic Repeated reQuest (ARQ) and Hybrid ARQ (HARQ) mechanisms. In our scenarios, the proposed architecture is able to decrease packet loss from around 11-32% to nearly 0%; compared to HARQ and joint HARQ/ARQ mechanisms, the NC architecture offers up to 5.9 times gain in throughput and 5.5 times reduction in end-to- end file transfer delay. By establishing NC as a potential substitute for HARQ/ARQ, our experiments offer important insights into cross-layer designs of next generation wireless networks.


Author Teerapittayanon, Surat and Fouli, Kerim and Médard, Muriel and Montpetit, Marie-José and Shi, Xiaomeng and Seskar, Ivan and Gosain, Abhimanyu
Title Network Coding as a WiMAX Link Reliability Mechanism
Booktitle Multiple Access Communications
Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Year 2012
Abstract We design and implement a network-coding-enabled relia- bility architecture for next generation wireless networks. Our network coding (NC) architecture uses a flexible thread-based design, with each encoder-decoder instance applying systematic intra-session random lin- ear network coding as a packet erasure code at the IP layer. Using GENI WiMAX platforms, a series of point-to-point transmission experiments were conducted to compare the performance of the NC architecture to that of the Automatic Repeated reQuest (ARQ) and Hybrid ARQ (HARQ) mechanisms. In our scenarios, the proposed architecture is able to decrease packet loss from around 11-32% to nearly 0%; compared to HARQ and joint HARQ/ARQ mechanisms, the NC architecture offers up to 5.9 times gain in throughput and 5.5 times reduction in end-to- end file transfer delay. By establishing NC as a potential substitute for HARQ/ARQ, our experiments offer important insights into cross-layer designs of next generation wireless networks.
DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-34976-8_1
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-34976-8_1


Thomas, Charles and Sommers, Joel and Barford, Paul and Kim, Dongchan and Das, Ananya and Segebre, Roberto and Crovella, Mark
Author Thomas, Charles and Sommers, Joel and Barford, Paul and Kim, Dongchan and Das, Ananya and Segebre, Roberto and Crovella, Mark
Title A Passive Measurement System for Network Testbeds
Booktitle 8th International ICST Conference on Testbeds and Research Infrastructures for the Development of Networks and Communities (TRIDENTCOM 2012)
Year 2012
Abstract The ability to capture and process packet-level data is of intrinsic importance in network testbeds that offer broad experimental capabilities to researchers. In this paper we describe the design and implementation of a passive measurement system for network testbeds called GIMS. The system enables users to specify and centrally manage packet capture on a set of dedicated measurement nodes deployed on links in a distributed testbed. The first component of GIMS is a scalable experiment management system that coordinates multi-tenant access to measurement nodes through a web-based user interface. The second component of GIMS is a node management system that enables \\\\em (i) local processing on packets (\\\\em e.g., flow aggregation and sampling), \\\\em (ii) meta-data to be added to captured packets (\\\\em e.g., timestamps), \\\\em (iii) packet anonymization per local security policy, and \\\\em (iv) flexible data storage including transfer to remote archives. We demonstrate the capabilities of GIMS through a set of micro-benchmarks that specifically highlight the performance of the node management system deployed on a commodity workstation. Our implementations are openly available to the community and our development efforts are on-going.


Tiako, Pierre F.
Author Tiako, Pierre F.
Title Perspectives of delegation in team-based distributed software development over the GENI infrastructure (NIER track)
Booktitle Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on Software Engineering
Location Waikiki, Honolulu, HI, USA
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2011
Abstract Team-based distributed software development (TBDSD) is one of the single biggest challenges facing software companies. The need to manage development efforts and resources in different locations increase the complexity and cost of modern day software development. Current software development environments do not provide suitable support to delegate task among teams with appropriate directives. TBDSD is also limited to the current internet capabilities. One of the resulting problems is the difficulty to delegate and control tasks assigned among remote teams. This paper proposes (1) a new framework for delegation in TBDSD, and (2) perspectives for deploying Process-centered Software Engineering Environments (PSEE) over the Global Environment for Network Innovations (GENI) infrastructure. GENI, the 'future Internet' that is taking shape in prototypes across the US, will allow, in the context of our study, to securely access and share software artifacts, resources, and tools as never before seen over the current Internet.
DOI 10.1145/1985793.1985905
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1985793.1985905


Tuncer, Hasan and Nozaki, Yoshihiro and Shenoy, Nirmala
Author Tuncer, Hasan and Nozaki, Yoshihiro and Shenoy, Nirmala
Title Virtual Mobility Domains - A Mobility Architecture for the Future Internet
Booktitle IEEE International Conference on Commnunications (IEE ICC 2012) Symposium on Next-Generation Networking
Year 2012
Abstract This paper presents a novel mobility architecture called Virtual Mobility Domains that is designed to work with the Floating Cloud Tiered Internetworking model. Virtual Mobility Domains supports both inter Autonomous System (macro) and intra Autonomous System (micro) mobility by leveraging a tiered addressing, a network cloud concept, and a unique packet forwarding scheme introduced by the Floating Cloud Tiered Internetworking model. The proposed mobility architecture is distinct from others by not using IP addressing and classic routing protocols, and deploying user-centric overlapping mobility domains. The comparative simulation study of Virtual Mobility Domains against Mobile IPv6, Hierarchical Mobile IPv6, and Proxy Mobile IPv6 using OPNET shows that Virtual Mobility Domains brings lower latency, lesser signaling overhead, and fewer packets loss during handoffs, specially during inter Autonomous System roaming. The results highlight the potential for a seamless mobility management.
DOI 10.1109/ICC.2012.6363872
URL ftp://lesc.det.unifi.it/pub/LenLar/proceedings/2012/ICC2012/symposia/papers/virtual_mobility_domains_-_a_mobility_architecture_for_the_\\_.pdf


Turner, Jonathan S.
Author Turner, Jonathan S.
Title A proposed architecture for the GENI backbone platform
Booktitle Proceedings of the 2006 ACM/IEEE symposium on Architecture for networking and communications systems
Location San Jose, California, USA
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2006
Abstract The GENI Project (Global Environment for Network Innovation) is a major NSF-sponsored initiative that seeks to create a national research facility to enable experimental deployment of innovative new network architectures on a sufficient scale to enable realistic evaluation. One key component of the GENI system will be the GENI Backbone Platform (GBP) that provides the resources needed to allow multiple experimental networks to co-exist within the shared GENI infrastructure. This paper reviews the objectives for the GBP, the key issues that affect its design and develops a reference architecture that provides a concrete example for how the objectives can be met, using commercially available subsystems.
DOI 10.1145/1185347.1185349
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1185347.1185349


Turner, Jonathan S. and Crowley, Patrick and DeHart, John and Freestone, Amy and Heller, Brandon and Kuhns, Fred and Kumar, Sailesh and Lockwood, John and Lu, Jing and Wilson, Michael and Wiseman, Charles and Zar, David
Author Turner, Jonathan S. and Crowley, Patrick and DeHart, John and Freestone, Amy and Heller, Brandon and Kuhns, Fred and Kumar, Sailesh and Lockwood, John and Lu, Jing and Wilson, Michael and Wiseman, Charles and Zar, David
Title Supercharging planetlab: a high performance, multi-application, overlay network platform
Journal SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev.
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2007
Abstract In recent years, overlay networks have become an important vehicle for delivering Internet applications. Overlay network nodes are typically implemented using general purpose servers or clusters. We investigate the performance benefits of more integrated architectures, combining general-purpose servers with high performance Network Processor (NP) subsystems. We focus on PlanetLab as our experimental context and report on the design and evaluation of an experimental PlanetLab platform capable of much higher levels of performance than typical system configurations. To make it easier for users to port applications, the system supports a fast path/slow path application structure that facilitates the mapping of the most performance-critical parts of an application onto an NP subsystem, while allowing the more complex control and exception-handling to be implemented within the programmer-friendly environment provided by conventional servers. We report on implementations of two sample applications, an IPv4 router, and a forwarding application for the Internet Indirection Infrastructure. We demonstrate an 80x improvement in packet processing rates and comparable reductions in latency.
DOI 10.1145/1282427.1282391
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1282427.1282391


Valancius, Vytautas and Feamster, Nick
Author Valancius, Vytautas and Feamster, Nick
Title Multiplexing BGP sessions with BGP-Mux
Booktitle Proceedings of the 2007 ACM CoNEXT conference
Location New York, New York
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2007
Abstract This paper describes a BGP-session multiplexer called BGP-Mux, which provides stable, on-demand access to global BGP route feeds. This gateway allows arbitrary and even transient client BGP connections to be provisioned and torn down on demand without affecting globally visible BGP sessions. BGP-Mux provides two capabilities: (1) the ability for a client network to receive multiple unfiltered routes per destination from a set of upstream ASes; and (2) the ability to provision BGP sessions without introducing global instability. Several applications could benefit from these features:
DOI 10.1145/1364654.1364707
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1364654.1364707


Valancius, Vytautas and Feamster, Nick and Rexford, Jennifer and Nakao, Akihiro
Author Valancius, Vytautas and Feamster, Nick and Rexford, Jennifer and Nakao, Akihiro
Title Wide-area route control for distributed services
Booktitle Proceedings of the 2010 USENIX conference on USENIX annual technical conference
Location Boston, MA
Publisher USENIX Association
Address Berkeley, CA, USA
Year 2010
Abstract Many distributed services would benefit from control over the flow of traffic to and from their users, to offer better performance and higher reliability at a reasonable cost. Unfortunately, although today's cloud-computing platforms offer elastic computing and bandwidth resources, they do not give services control over wide-area routing. We propose replacing the data center's border router with a Transit Portal (TP) that gives each service the illusion of direct connectivity to upstream ISPs, without requiring each service to deploy hardware, acquire IP address space, or negotiate contracts with ISPs. Our TP prototype supports many layer-two connectivity mechanisms, amortizes memory and message overhead over multiple services, and protects the rest of the Internet from misconfigured and malicious applications. Our implementation extends and synthesizes open-source software components such as the Linux kernel and the Quagga routing daemon. We also implement a management plane based on the GENI control framework and couple this with our four-site TP deployment and Amazon EC2 facilities. Experiments with an anycast DNS application demonstrate the benefits the TP offers to distributed services.
URL http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1855842


Valancius, Vytautas and Kim, Hyojoon and Feamster, Nick
Author Valancius, Vytautas and Kim, Hyojoon and Feamster, Nick
Title Transit portal: BGP connectivity as a service
Journal SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev.
Publisher ACM
Address New York, NY, USA
Year 2010
Abstract We demonstrate Transit Portal, a system that provides on-demand BGP Internet connectivity to multiple ISPs. Transit Portal provides connectivity to any virtual network or distributed service that needs to control its inbound and outbound route control. Examples of such services include virtual networks and distributed services in cloud computing environments (e.g., Amazon's EC2) that need to control inbound and outbound traffic.
DOI 10.1145/1851182.1851265
URL http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1851265


Van Vorst, N. and Erazo, M. and Liu, J.
Author Van Vorst, N. and Erazo, M. and Liu, J.
Title PrimoGENI for hybrid network simulation and emulation experiments in GENI
Journal Journal of Simulation
Year 2012
Abstract The Global Environment for Network Innovations (GENI) is a community-driven research and development effort to build a collaborative and exploratory network experimentation platform—a 'virtual laboratory' for the design, implementation, and evaluation of future networks. The PrimoGENI project enables real-time network simulation by extending an existing network simulator to become part of the GENI federation to support large-scale experiments involving physical, simulated, and emulated network entities. In this paper, we describe a novel design of PrimoGENI, which aims at supporting realistic, scalable, and flexible network experiments with real-time simulation and emulation capabilities. We present a flexible emulation infrastructure that allows both remote client machines, local cluster nodes running virtual machines, and external networks to seamlessly interoperate with the simulated network running within a designated 'slice' of resources. We present the results of our preliminary validation and performance studies to demonstrate the capabilities as well as limitations of our approach.
DOI 10.1057/jos.2012.5
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/jos.2012.5


Van Vorst, N. and Li, Ting and Liu, J.
Author Van Vorst, N. and Li, Ting and Liu, J.
Title How Low Can You Go? Spherical Routing for Scalable Network Simulations
Booktitle Modeling, Analysis & Simulation of Computer and Telecommunication Systems (MASCOTS), 2011 IEEE 19th International Symposium on
Publisher IEEE
Year 2011
Abstract Memory consumption is a critical problem for large-scale network simulations. Particularly, the large memory footprint needed for maintaining routing tables can severely obturate scalability. We present an approach of composing large-scale network models using sharable model fragments to achieve significant reduction in the amount of memory required for storing forwarding tables in simulation. Our approach, called spherical routing, conducts static routing within spheres according to user-defined policies. Our routing scheme pre-calculates the forwarding table for each routing sphere, and allows spheres with identical sub-structures to share forwarding tables. Through extensive experiments we demonstrate that our approach can achieve several orders of magnitude in memory reduction for large-scale network models.
DOI 10.1109/MASCOTS.2011.35
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MASCOTS.2011.35


Van Vorst, Nathanael and Erazo, Miguel and Liu, Jason
Author Van Vorst, Nathanael and Erazo, Miguel and Liu, Jason
Title PrimoGENI: Integrating Real-Time Network Simulation and Emulation in GENI
Booktitle 2011 IEEE Workshop on Principles of Advanced and Distributed Simulation
Location Nice, France
Publisher IEEE
Year 2011
Abstract The Global Environment for Network Innovations (GENI) is a community-driven research and development effort to build a collaborative and exploratory network experimentation platform -- a v̈irtual laboratory'' for the design, implementation and evaluation of future networks. The PrimoGENI project enables real-time network simulation by extending an existing network simulator to become part of the GENI federation to support large-scale experiments involving physical, simulated and emulated network entities. In this paper, we describe a novel design of PrimoGENI, which aims at supporting realistic, scalable, and flexible network experiments with real-time simulation and emulation capabilities. We present a flexible emulation infrastructure that allows both remote client machines and local cluster nodes running virtual machines to seamlessly interoperate with the simulated network running within a designated s̈lice'' of resources. We show the results of our preliminary validation and performance studies to demonstrate the capabilities and limitations of our approach.
DOI 10.1109/PADS.2011.5936747
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/PADS.2011.5936747


Van Vorst, Nathanael and Liu, Jason
Author Van Vorst, Nathanael and Liu, Jason
Title Realizing Large-Scale Interactive Network Simulation via Model Splitting
Booktitle Proceedings of the 26th Workshop on Principles of Advanced and Distributed Simulation (PADS'12)
Year 2012
URL http://www.researchgate.net/publication/229476062_Realizing_Large-Scale_Interactive_Network_Simulation_via_Model_Splitting/file/d912f500eb6b911215.pdf


Vulimiri, Ashish and Michel, Oliver and Godfrey, P. Brighten and Shenker, Scott
Author Vulimiri, Ashish and Michel, Oliver and Godfrey, P. Brighten and Shenker, Scott
Title More is Less: Reducing Latency via Redundancy
Booktitle Eleventh ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks (HotNets '12)
Year 2012
URL http://conferences.sigcomm.org/hotnets/2012/papers/hotnets12-final34.pdf


Wong, G. and Ricci, R. and Duerig, J. and Stoller, L. and Chikkulapelly, S. and Seok, Woojin
Author Wong, G. and Ricci, R. and Duerig, J. and Stoller, L. and Chikkulapelly, S. and Seok, Woojin
Title Partitioning Trust in Network Testbeds
Booktitle System Science (HICSS), 2012 45th Hawaii International Conference on
Publisher IEEE
Year 2012
Abstract Traditionally, test beds for networking and systems research have been designed as monolithic facilities: they contain a single root of trust. The resources in the facility are assumed to be administered by a single entity or a set of mutually-trusting entities. All user management, including vouching for users' identities and taking responsibility for their actions, is done using a flat trust structure or a simple hierarchy with the facility itself as the root. This design is not a good match for test beds that are composed of multiple autonomous facilities, or in which different parts of the test bed operate under different trust models. In this paper, we argue that partitioned trust is increasingly important in large scale and security-sensitive test beds. We present a design that accomplishes this partitioning by using multiple trust roots. The trust domains created by these roots may decide, independently, how much trust to place in each other, and can apply policies based on the domain or principal that originates a request. The domains could represent separately administered facilities (as in a federated test bed), or they could represent sections within a single facility that run with different trust models (for example, with differing levels of security.) We have implemented this design in ProtoGENI, a control framework for federated test beds, we include details of this implementation and share experiences from using it in an active deployment with hundreds of users.
DOI 10.1109/HICSS.2012.466
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/HICSS.2012.466


Yuen, Marco
Author Yuen, Marco
Title GENI in the Cloud
Year 2010
Abstract Computer networking researchers often have access to a few di erent network testbeds (Section 1.2) for their experiments. However, those testbeds are limited in resources; contentions for resources are prominent in those testbeds especially when conference deadline is looming. Moreover, services running on those testbeds are subject to seasonal and daily trac spikes from users all round the world. Hence, demand for resources at the testbeds are high. Some researchers can use other testbeds in conjunction with the ones they are using. Even though each of the testbeds may have di erent infrastructures, and characteristics, in the end, what the researchers receive in return is a set of computing resources, either virtual machines or physical machines. Essentially, those testbeds are providing a similar service, but researchers have to manage the credentials for accessing the testbeds manually, and they have to manually request resources from di erent testbeds in order to setup experiments that span across di erent testbeds. This thesis presents GENICloud, a project that enables the federation of testbeds with clouds. Computing and storage resources can be provisioned to researchers and services running on existing testbeds dynamically from an Eucalyptus cloud. As a part of the GENICloud project, the user proxy (Section 3.4) provides a less arduous method for testbeds administrators to federate with other testbeds; the same serviceiv also manages researchers credentials, so they do not have to acquire resources from each testbed individually. The user proxy provides a single interface for researchers to interact with di erent testbeds and clouds and manage their experiments. Furthermore, GENICloud demonstrates that there are, in fact, quite a few architectural similarities between di erent testbeds and even clouds
URL http://s3.amazonaws.com/marcoy_thesis/Thesis.pdf



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